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--- /arXMLiv/repos/arXMLiv/trunk/sty/aplopt.cls	2010-04-02 06:24:26.000000000 +0200
+++ /arXMLiv/repos/arXMLiv/trunk/sty/pbook.cls	2010-04-02 16:54:36.000000000 +0200
@@ -1,8 +1,37 @@
-% This is aplopt.cls
-% A&A DOCUMENT CLASS -- version 5.01 for LaTeX2e
-%
-% LaTeX document class for pseudo Applied Optics
-%
+%%
+%% This is file `pbook.cls',
+%% generated with the docstrip utility and modified by Pieter Kok.
+%%
+%% The original source files were:
+%%
+%% classes.dtx  (with options: `pbook')
+%%
+%%
+%% This is a generated file.
+%%
+%% Copyright 1993 1994 1995 1996
+%% The LaTeX3 Project and any individual authors listed elsewhere
+%% in this file.
+%%
+%% For further copyright information, and conditions for modification
+%% and distribution, see the file legal.txt, and any other copyright
+%% notices in this file.
+%%
+%% This file is part of the LaTeX2e system.
+%% ----------------------------------------
+%% This system is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+%% but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+%% MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
+%%
+%% For error reports concerning UNCHANGED versions of this file no
+%% more than one year old, see bugs.txt.
+%%
+%% Please do not request updates from us directly. Primary
+%% distribution is through the CTAN archives.
+%%
+%%
+%% The names of the source files used are shown above.
+%%
 %%
 %%
 %% \CharacterTable
@@ -21,27 +50,67 @@
 %%   Grave accent  \`     Left brace    \{     Vertical bar  \|
 %%   Right brace   \}     Tilde         \~}
 \NeedsTeXFormat{LaTeX2e}[1995/12/01]
-\ProvidesClass{aplopt}[2000/06/20 v5.01
-^^JLaTeX document class for pseudo Applied Optics]
+\ProvidesClass{pbook}
+              [1996/05/26 v1.3r
+ Standard LaTeX document class]
 \newcommand\@ptsize{}
 \newif\if@restonecol
 \newif\if@titlepage
-\@titlepagefalse
+\@titlepagetrue
+\newif\if@openright
+\newif\if@mainmatter \@mainmattertrue
+\if@compatibility\else
 \DeclareOption{a4paper}
    {\setlength\paperheight {297mm}%
     \setlength\paperwidth  {210mm}}
+\DeclareOption{a5paper}
+   {\setlength\paperheight {210mm}%
+    \setlength\paperwidth  {148mm}}
+\DeclareOption{b5paper}
+   {\setlength\paperheight {250mm}%
+    \setlength\paperwidth  {176mm}}
 \DeclareOption{letterpaper}
    {\setlength\paperheight {11in}%
     \setlength\paperwidth  {8.5in}}
 \DeclareOption{legalpaper}
    {\setlength\paperheight {14in}%
     \setlength\paperwidth  {8.5in}}
+\DeclareOption{executivepaper}
+   {\setlength\paperheight {10.5in}%
+    \setlength\paperwidth  {7.25in}}
+\DeclareOption{landscape}
+   {\setlength\@tempdima   {\paperheight}%
+    \setlength\paperheight {\paperwidth}%
+    \setlength\paperwidth  {\@tempdima}}
+\fi
+\if@compatibility
+  \renewcommand\@ptsize{0}
+\else
 \DeclareOption{10pt}{\renewcommand\@ptsize{0}}
+\fi
 \DeclareOption{11pt}{\renewcommand\@ptsize{1}}
 \DeclareOption{12pt}{\renewcommand\@ptsize{2}}
+\if@compatibility\else
+\DeclareOption{oneside}{\@twosidefalse \@mparswitchfalse}
+\fi
 \DeclareOption{twoside}{\@twosidetrue  \@mparswitchtrue}
 \DeclareOption{draft}{\setlength\overfullrule{5pt}}
+\if@compatibility\else
 \DeclareOption{final}{\setlength\overfullrule{0pt}}
+\fi
+\DeclareOption{titlepage}{\@titlepagetrue}
+\if@compatibility\else
+\DeclareOption{notitlepage}{\@titlepagefalse}
+\fi
+\if@compatibility
+\@openrighttrue
+\else
+\DeclareOption{openright}{\@openrighttrue}
+\DeclareOption{openany}{\@openrightfalse}
+\fi
+\if@compatibility\else
+\DeclareOption{onecolumn}{\@twocolumnfalse}
+\fi
 \DeclareOption{twocolumn}{\@twocolumntrue}
 \DeclareOption{leqno}{\input{leqno.clo}}
 \DeclareOption{fleqn}{\input{fleqn.clo}}
@@ -55,118 +124,9 @@
       }%
    \renewcommand\newblock{\par}}%
 }
-%
-\let\if@runhead\iffalse
-\DeclareOption{runningheads}{\let\if@runhead\iftrue}
-\let\if@envcntreset\iffalse
-\DeclareOption{envcountreset}{\let\if@envcntreset\iftrue}
-\let\if@envcntsect\iffalse
-\DeclareOption{envcountsect}{\let\if@envcntsect\iftrue}
-\let\if@referee\iffalse
-\DeclareOption{referee}{\let\if@referee\iftrue}
-\let\if@nyobjects\iffalse
-%
-\ExecuteOptions{a4paper,twoside,twocolumn,fleqn,final,10pt,runningheads}
+\ExecuteOptions{letterpaper,10pt,twoside,onecolumn,final,openright}
 \ProcessOptions
-\AtEndOfClass{\mathindent\z@\let\abstract=\aaabstract}
-%
-\if\@ptsize 0
-%
-   \renewcommand\normalsize{%
-      \@setfontsize\normalsize\@xpt{12}%
-      \abovedisplayskip 8.55\p@ \@plus4\p@ \@minus5\p@
-      \abovedisplayshortskip \z@ \@plus3\p@
-      \belowdisplayshortskip 6\p@ \@plus3\p@ \@minus3\p@
-      \belowdisplayskip \abovedisplayskip
-      \let\@listi\@listI}
-   \normalsize
-   \newcommand\small{%
-      \@setfontsize\small\@ixpt{11}%
-      \abovedisplayskip 8.5\p@ \@plus3\p@ \@minus4\p@
-      \abovedisplayshortskip \z@ \@plus2\p@
-      \belowdisplayshortskip 4\p@ \@plus2\p@ \@minus2\p@
-      \def\@listi{\leftmargin\leftmargini
-                  \parsep 0\p@ \@plus1\p@ \@minus\p@
-                  \topsep 8\p@ \@plus2\p@ \@minus4\p@
-                  \itemsep0\p@}%
-      \belowdisplayskip \abovedisplayskip
-   }
-   \newcommand\scriptsize{\@setfontsize\scriptsize\@viipt\@viiipt}
-   \newcommand\tiny{\@setfontsize\tiny\@vipt\@viipt}
-   \newcommand\large{\@setfontsize\large\@xipt{13}}
-   \newcommand\Large{\@setfontsize\Large\@xivpt{16}}
-   \newcommand\LARGE{\@setfontsize\LARGE\@xviipt{20}}
-   \newcommand\huge{\@setfontsize\huge\@xxpt{24}}
-   \newcommand\Huge{\@setfontsize\Huge\@xxvpt{30}}
-   %
-   \setlength\parindent{15\p@}
-   \setlength\smallskipamount{3\p@ \@plus 1\p@ \@minus 1\p@}
-   \setlength\medskipamount{6\p@ \@plus 2\p@ \@minus 2\p@}
-   \setlength\bigskipamount{12\p@ \@plus 4\p@ \@minus 4\p@}
-   \setlength\headheight{12\p@}
-   \setlength\headsep   {12\p@} %
-   \setlength\topskip   {10\p@}
-   \setlength\footskip{30\p@}
-   \setlength\maxdepth{.5\topskip}
-   %
-   \@settopoint\textwidth
-   \setlength\marginparsep {10\p@}
-   \setlength\marginparpush{5\p@}
-   \setlength\oddsidemargin   {-30\p@}
-   \setlength\evensidemargin  {-30\p@}
-   \setlength\marginparwidth  {48\p@}
-   \setlength\topmargin{-10pt}
-   \setlength\footnotesep{8\p@}
-   \setlength{\skip\footins}{9\p@ \@plus 4\p@ \@minus 2\p@}
-   \setlength\floatsep    {12\p@ \@plus 2\p@ \@minus 2\p@}
-   \setlength\textfloatsep{18\p@ \@plus 8\p@ \@minus 6\p@}
-   \setlength\intextsep   {18\p@ \@plus 2\p@ \@minus 2\p@}
-   \setlength\dblfloatsep    {12\p@ \@plus 2\p@ \@minus 2\p@}
-   \setlength\dbltextfloatsep{18\p@ \@plus 8\p@ \@minus 6\p@}
-   \setlength\@fptop{0\p@ }
-   \setlength\@fpsep{12\p@ }
-   \setlength\@fpbot{0\p@ \@plus 1fil}
-   \setlength\@dblfptop{0\p@ }
-   \setlength\@dblfpsep{12\p@ }
-   \setlength\@dblfpbot{0\p@ \@plus 1fil}
-   \setlength\partopsep{2\p@ \@plus 1\p@ \@minus 1\p@}
-   \def\@listi{\leftmargin\leftmargini
-               \parsep \z@
-               \topsep 8\p@ \@plus2\p@ \@minus4\p@
-               \itemsep\parsep}
-   \let\@listI\@listi
-   \@listi
-   \def\@listii {\leftmargin\leftmarginii
-                 \labelwidth\leftmarginii
-                 \advance\labelwidth-\labelsep
-                 \topsep    \z@
-                 \parsep    \topsep
-                 \itemsep   \parsep}
-   \def\@listiii{\leftmargin\leftmarginiii
-                 \labelwidth\leftmarginiii
-                 \advance\labelwidth-\labelsep
-                 \topsep    \z@
-                 \parsep    \topsep
-                 \itemsep   \parsep}
-   \def\@listiv {\leftmargin\leftmarginiv
-                 \labelwidth\leftmarginiv
-                 \advance\labelwidth-\labelsep}
-   \def\@listv  {\leftmargin\leftmarginv
-                 \labelwidth\leftmarginv
-                 \advance\labelwidth-\labelsep}
-   \def\@listvi {\leftmargin\leftmarginvi
-                 \labelwidth\leftmarginvi
-                 \advance\labelwidth-\labelsep}
-\else
-   \input{size1\@ptsize.clo}
-\fi
-%
-\let\footnotesize\small
-%
-\setlength{\textwidth}{180mm}
-\setlength{\textheight}{694pt}
-%\setlength{\voffset}{-1.2cm}
-%
+\input{bk1\@ptsize.clo}
 \setlength\lineskip{1\p@}
 \setlength\normallineskip{1\p@}
 \renewcommand\baselinestretch{}
@@ -174,270 +134,113 @@
 \@lowpenalty   51
 \@medpenalty  151
 \@highpenalty 301
-%
-\setcounter{topnumber}{4}
-\renewcommand\topfraction{.9}
-\setcounter{bottomnumber}{2}
-\renewcommand\bottomfraction{.5}
-\setcounter{totalnumber}{6}
-\renewcommand\textfraction{.05}
-\renewcommand\floatpagefraction{.95}
-\setcounter{dbltopnumber}{3}
-\renewcommand\dbltopfraction{.9}
-\renewcommand\dblfloatpagefraction{.95}
-%
+\setcounter{topnumber}{2}
+\renewcommand\topfraction{.7}
+\setcounter{bottomnumber}{1}
+\renewcommand\bottomfraction{.3}
+\setcounter{totalnumber}{3}
+\renewcommand\textfraction{.2}
+\renewcommand\floatpagefraction{.5}
+\setcounter{dbltopnumber}{2}
+\renewcommand\dbltopfraction{.7}
+\renewcommand\dblfloatpagefraction{.5}
+\if@twoside
+  \def\ps@headings{%
+      \let\@oddfoot\@empty\let\@evenfoot\@empty
+      \def\@evenhead{\oldstylenums\thepage\hfil\small\scshape\leftmark}%
+      \def\@oddhead{{\small\scshape\rightmark}\hfil\oldstylenums\thepage}%
+      \let\@mkboth\markboth
+    \def\chaptermark##1{%
+      \markboth {\MakeUppercase{%
+        \ifnum \c@secnumdepth >\m@ne
+          \if@mainmatter
+%            \@chapapp\
+	    \thechapter~ \ %
+          \fi
+        \fi
+        ##1 ~}}{}}%
+    \def\sectionmark##1{%
+      \markright {\MakeUppercase{%
+        \ifnum \c@secnumdepth >\z@
+          ~\thesection~ \ %
+        \fi
+        ##1}}}}
+\else
 \def\ps@headings{%
+    \let\@oddfoot\@empty
+    \def\@oddhead{{\slshape\rightmark}\hfil\thepage}%
+    \let\@mkboth\markboth
+    \def\chaptermark##1{%
+      \markright {\MakeUppercase{%
+        \ifnum \c@secnumdepth >\m@ne
+          \if@mainmatter
+            \@chapapp\  \ % \thechapter. before the last \
+          \fi
+        \fi
+        ##1}}}}
+\fi
+\def\ps@myheadings{%
     \let\@oddfoot\@empty\let\@evenfoot\@empty
-    \def\@evenhead{\small\rlap{\thepage}\hfil\leftmark\hfil}%
-    \def\@oddhead{\small\hfil\rightmark\hfil\llap{\thepage}}%
+    \def\@evenhead{\thepage\hfil\slshape\leftmark}%
+    \def\@oddhead{{\slshape\rightmark}\hfil\thepage}%
     \let\@mkboth\@gobbletwo
+    \let\chaptermark\@gobble
     \let\sectionmark\@gobble
-    \let\subsectionmark\@gobble
     }
-% make indentations changeable
-\def\setitemindent#1{\settowidth{\labelwidth}{#1}%
-        \leftmargini\labelwidth
-        \advance\leftmargini\labelsep
-   \def\@listi{\leftmargin\leftmargini
-        \labelwidth\leftmargini\advance\labelwidth by -\labelsep
-        \parsep=\parskip
-        \topsep=\medskipamount
-        \itemsep=\parskip \advance\itemsep by -\parsep}}
-\def\setitemitemindent#1{\settowidth{\labelwidth}{#1}%
-        \leftmarginii\labelwidth
-        \advance\leftmarginii\labelsep
-\def\@listii{\leftmargin\leftmarginii
-        \labelwidth\leftmarginii\advance\labelwidth by -\labelsep
-        \parsep=\parskip
-        \topsep=\z@
-        \itemsep=\parskip \advance\itemsep by -\parsep}}
-% labels of description
-\def\descriptionlabel#1{\hspace\labelsep #1\hfil}
-% adjusted environment "description"
-% if an optional parameter (at the first two levels of lists)
-% is present, its width is considered to be the widest mark
-% throughout the current list.
-\def\description{\@ifnextchar[{\@describe}{\list{}{\labelwidth\z@
-          \itemindent-\leftmargin \let\makelabel\descriptionlabel}}}
-\let\enddescription\endlist
-%
-\def\describelabel#1{#1\hfil}
-\def\@describe[#1]{\relax\ifnum\@listdepth=0
-\setitemindent{#1}\else\ifnum\@listdepth=1
-\setitemitemindent{#1}\fi\fi
-\list{--}{\let\makelabel\describelabel}}
-%
-\newdimen\logodepth
-\logodepth=1.3cm
-\newdimen\headerboxheight
-\headerboxheight=143pt
-\newdimen\betweenumberspace          % dimension for space between
-\betweenumberspace=3.33pt            % number and text of titles.
-\newdimen\aftertext                  % dimension for space after
-\aftertext=5pt                       % text of title.
-\newdimen\headlineindent             % dimension for space between
-\headlineindent=1.166cm              % number and text of headings.
-\def\andname{and}
-\def\keywordname{{\sffamily\bfseries Key words.}}
-\def\lastandname{, and}
-\def\mailname{{\it Correspondence to\/}:}
-\def\keywords{\par\addvspace\baselineskip\noindent\keywordname\
-\ignorespaces}
-\def\email#1{{e-mail: \tt#1}}
-%
-\newcounter{inst}
-\newcounter{auth}
-\newdimen\instindent
-\newbox\authrun
-\newtoks\authorrunning
-\newbox\titrun
-\newtoks\titlerunning
-
-\def\journalname#1{\gdef\@journalname{#1}}
-\gdef\@journalname{To be published in ``Applied Optics"}
-
-\def\headnote#1{\gdef\@headnote{#1}}
-\def\@headnote{}
-
-\def\dedication#1{\gdef\@dedic{#1}}
-\def\@dedic{}
-
-\let\@date\undefined
-
-\def\aaabstract#1{\gdef\@abstract{#1}}
-
-\def\institute#1{\gdef\@institute{#1}}
-
-\def\institutename{\par
- \begingroup
- \parindent=0pt
- \parskip=0pt
- \setcounter{inst}{1}%
- \def\and{\par\stepcounter{inst}%
- \hangindent\instindent
- \noindent
- \hbox to\instindent{\hss$^{\theinst}$\enspace}\ignorespaces}%
- \setbox0=\vbox{\def\thanks##1{}\@institute}
- \ifnum\value{inst}>9\relax\setbox0=\hbox{$^{88}$\enspace}%
-                 \else\setbox0=\hbox{$^{8}$\enspace}\fi
- \instindent=\wd0\relax
- \ifnum\value{inst}=1\relax
- \else
-   \setcounter{inst}{1}%
-   \hangindent\instindent
-   \noindent
-   \hbox to\instindent{\hss$^{\theinst}$\enspace}\ignorespaces
- \fi
- \small
- \ignorespaces
- \@institute\par
- \endgroup}
-
-\def\offprints#1{\begingroup
-\def\protect{\noexpand\protect\noexpand}\xdef\@thanks{\@thanks
-\protect\footnotetext[0]{\unskip\hskip-1.5em{\it Send offprint requests
-to\/}: \ignorespaces#1}}\endgroup\ignorespaces}
-
-\def\mail#1{\gdef\@mail{#1}}
-\def\@mail{}
-
-\def\@thanks{}
-
-\def\@fnsymbol#1{\ifcase#1\or\star\or{\star\star}\or{\star\star\star}%
-   \or \dagger\or \ddagger\or
-   \mathchar "278\or \mathchar "27B\or \|\or **\or \dagger\dagger
-   \or \ddagger\ddagger \else\@ctrerr\fi\relax}
-
-\def\inst#1{\unskip$^{#1}$}
-\def\fnmsep{\unskip$^,$}
-
-\def\subtitle#1{\gdef\@subtitle{#1}}
-\def\@subtitle{}
-
-\def\msnr#1{\gdef\@msnr{#1}}
-\def\@msnr{}
-
-\def\idline#1#2{\gdef\@idline{#1}\setcounter{page}{#2}}
-\def\@idline{}
-\def\doi#1{\gdef\@doi{#1}}
-\def\@doi{}
-
-\def\headnote#1{\gdef\@headnote{#1}}
-\def\@headnote{}
-
-\def\ch@ckobl#1#2{\@ifundefined{@#1}
- {\typeout{A\string&A warning: Missing
-\expandafter\string\csname#1\endcsname}%
-  \csname #1\endcsname{#2}}
- {}}
-
-\newif\if@normhead \@normheadtrue
-\def\hugehead{\@normheadfalse
-\onecolumn
-\let\thanks=\footnote
-\long\def\@makefntext##1{\parindent\bibindent
-     \columnwidth\textwidth\advance\columnwidth -\columnsep
-     \divide\columnwidth\tw@\hsize\columnwidth \linewidth\columnwidth
-     \noindent\hbox to\parindent{\hss$\m@th^{\@thefnmark}$ }##1}%
+  \if@titlepage
+  \newcommand\maketitle{\begin{titlepage}%
+  \let\footnotesize\small
+  \let\footnoterule\relax
+  \let \footnote \thanks
+  \null\vfil
+  \vskip 60\p@
+  \begin{center}%
+    {\LARGE \@title \par}%
+    \vskip 3em%
+    {\large
+     \lineskip .75em%
+      \begin{tabular}[t]{c}%
+        \@author
+      \end{tabular}\par}%
+      \vskip 1.5em%
+    {\large \@date \par}%       % Set date in \large size.
+  \end{center}\par
+  \@thanks
+  \vfil\null
+  \end{titlepage}%
+  \setcounter{footnote}{0}%
+  \global\let\thanks\relax
+  \global\let\maketitle\relax
+  \global\let\@thanks\@empty
+  \global\let\@author\@empty
+  \global\let\@date\@empty
+  \global\let\@title\@empty
+  \global\let\title\relax
+  \global\let\author\relax
+  \global\let\date\relax
+  \global\let\and\relax
 }
-
-\def\maketitle{\par
-\ch@ckobl{journalname}{Noname}
-\ch@ckobl{date}{ }
-\ch@ckobl{title}{A title should be given}
-\ch@ckobl{author}{Name(s) and initial(s) of author(s) should be given}
-\ch@ckobl{institute}{Address(es) of author(s) should be given}
-\ch@ckobl{abstract}{An abstract should be given}
+\else
+\newcommand\maketitle{\par
 \begingroup
-%
     \renewcommand\thefootnote{\@fnsymbol\c@footnote}%
-    \def\@makefnmark{$^{\@thefnmark}$}%
-%
- \def\lastand{\ifnum\value{inst}=2\relax
-                 \unskip{} \andname\
-              \else
-                 \unskip, \andname\
-              \fi}%
- \def\and{\stepcounter{auth}\relax
-          \ifnum\value{auth}=\value{inst}%
-             \lastand
-          \else
-             \unskip,
-          \fi}%
+    \def\@makefnmark{\rlap{\@textsuperscript{\normalfont\@thefnmark}}}%
+    \long\def\@makefntext##1{\parindent 1em\noindent
+            \hb@xt@1.8em{%
+                \hss\@textsuperscript{\normalfont\@thefnmark}}##1}%
+    \if@twocolumn
  \ifnum \col@number=\@ne
    \@maketitle
  \else
    \twocolumn[\@maketitle]%
  \fi
- \thispagestyle{empty}
- \global\@topnum\z@
- \if@normhead
-    \@thanks
  \else
-    \twocolumn[\vspace{\@tempdima}]
-    \addtocounter{page}{-1}
-    \if!\the\authorrunning!
-       \authorrunning{ }%
-    \fi
- \fi
- \if!\@mail!\else
-    \footnotetext[0]{\kern-\bibindent\mailname\
-    \ignorespaces\@mail}%
- \fi
-%
- \if@runhead
-    \def\\{\unskip\ \ignorespaces}\def\inst##1{\unskip{}}%
-    \def\thanks##1{\unskip{}}\def\fnmsep{\unskip}%
-    \def\object##1{##1}%
-    \instindent=\textwidth
-    \advance\instindent by-2\headlineindent
-    \if!\the\titlerunning!\else
-      \edef\@title{\the\titlerunning}%
-    \fi
-    \global\setbox\titrun=\hbox{\small\rm\unboldmath\ignorespaces\@title}%
-    \ifdim\wd\titrun>\instindent
-       \typeout{^^JA\string&A Warning: Title too long for running head.}%
-       \typeout{Please supply a shorter form with \string\titlerunning
-                \space prior to \string\maketitle}%
-       \global\setbox\titrun=\hbox{\small\rm
-       Title Suppressed Due to Excessive Length}%
-    \fi
-    \xdef\@title{\copy\titrun}%
-%
-    \if!\the\authorrunning!
-    \else
-      \setcounter{auth}{1}%
-      \edef\@author{\the\authorrunning}%
-    \fi
-    \ifnum\value{auth}>2
-       \def\stripauthor##1\and##2\endauthor{%
-       \protected@xdef\@author{##1\unskip\unskip\if!##2!\else
-       \ et al.\fi}}%
-       \expandafter\stripauthor\@author\and\endauthor
-    \else
-       \gdef\and{\unskip\ and \ignorespaces}%
-       {\def\and{\noexpand\protect\noexpand\and}%
-       \protected@xdef\@author{\@author}}
-    \fi
-    \global\setbox\authrun=\hbox{\small\unboldmath\@author\unskip:
-                                 \unhbox\titrun}%
-    \ifdim\wd\authrun>\instindent
-%
-    \typeout{^^JA\string&A Warning: The running head built automatically
-             from \string\author\space and \string\title
-             ^^Jexceeds the pagewidth, please supply a shorter form
-             ^^Jwith \string\authorrunning\space and/or
-             \string\titlerunning\space prior to \string\maketitle}%
-    \global\setbox\authrun=\hbox{\small\rm Please give a shorter version
-       with: {\tt\string\authorrunning\space}and/or{\tt\space
-       \string\titilerunning\space}prior to{\tt\space\string\maketitle}}%
-    \fi
-    \xdef\@author{\copy\authrun}%
-    \markboth{\@author}{\@author}%
+      \newpage
+      \global\@topnum\z@   % Prevents figures from going at top of page.
+      \@maketitle
  \fi
-%
+    \thispagestyle{plain}\@thanks
  \endgroup
- \setcounter{footnote}{0}
  \setcounter{footnote}{0}%
  \global\let\thanks\relax
  \global\let\maketitle\relax
@@ -446,202 +249,212 @@
  \global\let\@author\@empty
  \global\let\@date\@empty
  \global\let\@title\@empty
- \global\let\@subtitle\@empty
- \global\let\@abstract\@empty
  \global\let\title\relax
  \global\let\author\relax
- \global\let\aabstract\relax
  \global\let\date\relax
- \global\let\and\relax}
-
-\def\AALogo{\setbox254=\hbox{
-\setlength{\tabcolsep}{0pt}
-\begin{tabular}{l}
-\\[-30pt]
-{\fontsize{18}{21}\selectfont\sffamily\bfseries To be published in "Applied} \\[-2.5pt]
-%{\fontsize{16}{12}\selectfont\sffamily\mdseries \kern8pt\ \raisebox{4pt}{\rule{78pt}{1pt}}} \\[-5pt]
-{\fontsize{18}{21}\selectfont\sffamily\bfseries Optics"}
-\end{tabular}}\copy254}
-
-\def\makeheadbox{{
-\hbox to\textwidth{%
-\if!\@idline!
-\hbox to0pt{\vbox{\hsize=40cc
-\baselineskip=12pt\hrule\hbox
-{\vrule\kern3pt\vbox{\kern3pt
-\hb@xt@ 40cc{{\sl\@journalname}\ \hfil}
-\if!\@msnr!\hbox{ }\else
-\hb@xt@ 30cc{\hfil\strut\LARGE\bfseries\smash{\@msnr}}\fi
-\kern3pt}\hfil\kern3pt\vrule}\hrule}\hss}\hfill
-\else
-\vbox{\baselineskip=11pt
-\hbox{\@idline}
-\hbox{\@doi}
-\hbox{\small\rm \copyright~ESO~2001}}
-\hfill\AALogo
-\fi}}}
-
-\def\@maketitle{\newpage
- \normalfont
- \vbox to0pt{\vskip-20pt
- \nointerlineskip
- \makeheadbox\vss}\nointerlineskip
- \if@normhead
-    \setbox\authrun=\vbox\bgroup
- \fi
- \begin{center}
-  \vskip24pt
- {\LARGE \sffamily\bfseries\boldmath
-  \hrule\@height\logodepth\@width\z@
-  \pretolerance=10000
- \if!\@headnote!\else
-   \noindent
-   {\normalfont\itshape\ignorespaces\@headnote\par}\vskip 3.5mm
- \fi
-  \noindent\ignorespaces
-  \@title \par}\vskip 14pt\relax
- \if!\@subtitle!\else
-   {\Large \sffamily\bfseries\boldmath
-   \pretolerance=10000
-   \noindent\ignorespaces\@subtitle \par}\vskip 14pt
- \fi
- \lineskip .5em
- \setbox0=\vbox{\setcounter{auth}{1}\def\and{\stepcounter{auth} }%
-                \hfuzz=2\textwidth\def\thanks##1{}\@author}%
- \value{inst}=\value{auth}%
- \setcounter{auth}{1}%
- {\large \rmfamily\mdseries \noindent\ignorespaces\@author}
- \end{center}
- \vskip6pt
- \leftskip=1cm\rightskip=\leftskip
- \small\rm
- \institutename
- \vskip 12pt \noindent\@date
- \if!\@dedic!\else
+  \global\let\and\relax
+}
+\def\@maketitle{%
+  \newpage
+  \null
+  \vskip 2em%
+  \begin{center}%
+  \let \footnote \thanks
+    {\LARGE \@title \par}%
+    \vskip 1.5em%
+    {\large
+      \lineskip .5em%
+      \begin{tabular}[t]{c}%
+        \@author
+      \end{tabular}\par}%
+    \vskip 1em%
+    {\large \@date}%
+  \end{center}%
     \par
-    \normalsize\it
-    \addvspace\baselineskip
-    \noindent\@dedic
- \fi
- \vskip 12pt
- \noindent{\sffamily\bfseries\abstractname}\ \@abstract
- \if@normhead
-    \egroup % end of header box
-    \@tempdima=\headerboxheight
-    \advance\@tempdima by-\ht\authrun
-%   \advance\@tempdima by-\pagetotal
-    \ifdim\@tempdima>0pt
-       \vrule width0pt height\@tempdima
-    \fi
-    \unvbox\authrun
-    \global\@minipagetrue
-    \global\everypar{\global\@minipagefalse\global\everypar{}}
- \else
-    \typeout{\the\c@auth\space author names and}
-    \typeout{\the\c@inst\space institutes processed}
-    \global\@tempdima=\pagetotal
-    \global\advance\@tempdima by24pt
+  \vskip 1.5em}
  \fi
- \vskip24pt
-}
-%
-\DeclareMathAlphabet{\mathsc}{OT1}{cmr}{m}{sc}
-\def\testbx{bx}%
-\DeclareRobustCommand{\ion}[2]{%
-\relax\ifmmode
-\ifx\testbx\f@series
-{\mathbf{#1\,\mathsc{#2}}}\else
-{\mathrm{#1\,\mathsc{#2}}}\fi
-\else\textup{#1\,{\mdseries\textsc{#2}}}%
-\fi}
-%
-\def\clearelargs{\def\1{}\def\2{}\def\3{}\def\4{}\count255=0}
-\def\druck@lement#1{{}^{\2}_{\3}\mathrm{#1}{}^{\1}_{\4}{}\if@tempswa$\fi}
-\DeclareRobustCommand{\element}{\relax\ifmmode\@tempswafalse
-\else$\@tempswatrue\fi\clearelargs\def\?{\phantom{0}}\@lement}
-\def\@lement#1{\if#1[\expandafter\f@@dargs\else\druck@lement{#1}\fi}
-\def\f@@dargs#1]{\advance\count255by\@ne
-\expandafter\def\csname\number\count255\endcsname{#1}\@lement}
-%
-%\def\vec#1{\ensuremath{\mathbf{#1}}}
-\def\vec#1{\ensuremath{\mathchoice{\mbox{\boldmath$\displaystyle#1$}}
-{\mbox{\boldmath$\textstyle#1$}}
-{\mbox{\boldmath$\scriptstyle#1$}}
-{\mbox{\boldmath$\scriptscriptstyle#1$}}}}
-%
-\def\tens#1{\ensuremath{\mathsf{#1}}}
-%
-\setcounter{secnumdepth}{3}
-\newcounter {section}
+\newcommand*\chaptermark[1]{}
+\setcounter{secnumdepth}{2}
+\newcounter {part}
+\newcounter {chapter}
+\newcounter {section}[chapter]
 \newcounter {subsection}[section]
 \newcounter {subsubsection}[subsection]
 \newcounter {paragraph}[subsubsection]
 \newcounter {subparagraph}[paragraph]
+\renewcommand\thepart         {\@Roman\c@part}
+\renewcommand\thechapter      {\@Roman\c@chapter}
 \renewcommand\thesection      {\@arabic\c@section}
-\renewcommand\thesubsection   {\thesection.\@arabic\c@subsection}
+\renewcommand\thesubsection   {\slshape\@alph\c@subsection}
 \renewcommand\thesubsubsection{\thesubsection .\@arabic\c@subsubsection}
 \renewcommand\theparagraph    {\thesubsubsection.\@arabic\c@paragraph}
 \renewcommand\thesubparagraph {\theparagraph.\@arabic\c@subparagraph}
-%
-\def\sectcounterend{.}
-
-\def\@seccntformat#1{\csname the#1\endcsname\sectcounterend
-\hskip\betweenumberspace}
+\newcommand\@chapapp{\chaptername}
+\newcommand\frontmatter{%
+  \if@openright
+    \cleardoublepage
+  \else
+    \clearpage
+  \fi
+  \@mainmatterfalse
+  \pagenumbering{roman}}
+\newcommand\mainmatter{%
+  \if@openright
+    \cleardoublepage
+  \else
+    \clearpage
+  \fi
+  \@mainmattertrue
+  \pagenumbering{arabic}}
+\newcommand\backmatter{%
+  \if@openright
+    \cleardoublepage
+  \else
+    \clearpage
+  \fi
+  \@mainmatterfalse}
+\newcommand\part{%
+  \if@openright
+    \cleardoublepage
+  \else
+    \clearpage
+  \fi
+  \thispagestyle{empty}%
+  \if@twocolumn
+    \onecolumn
+    \@tempswatrue
+  \else
+    \@tempswafalse
+  \fi
+  \null\vfil
+  \secdef\@part\@spart}

-\def\@sect#1#2#3#4#5#6[#7]#8{%
-  \ifnum #2>\c@secnumdepth
-    \let\@svsec\@empty
+\def\@part[#1]#2{%
+    \ifnum \c@secnumdepth >-2\relax
+      \refstepcounter{part}%
+      \addcontentsline{toc}{part}{\thepart\hspace{1em}#1}%
   \else
-    \refstepcounter{#1}%
-    \protected@edef\@svsec{\@seccntformat{#1}\relax}%
+      \addcontentsline{toc}{part}{#1}%
   \fi
-  \@tempskipa #5\relax
-  \ifdim \@tempskipa>\z@
-    \begingroup
-      #6{%
-        \@hangfrom{\hskip #3\relax\@svsec}%
-          \raggedright
-          \hyphenpenalty \@M%
-          \interlinepenalty \@M #8\@@par}%
-    \endgroup
-    \csname #1mark\endcsname{#7}%
-    \addcontentsline{toc}{#1}{%
-      \ifnum #2>\c@secnumdepth \else
-        \protect\numberline{\csname the#1\endcsname}%
-      \fi
-      #7}%
-  \else
-    \def\@svsechd{%
-      #6{\hskip #3\relax
-      \@svsec #8\hskip\aftertext}%
-      \csname #1mark\endcsname{#7}%
-      \addcontentsline{toc}{#1}{%
-        \ifnum #2>\c@secnumdepth \else
-          \protect\numberline{\csname the#1\endcsname}%
+    \markboth{}{}%
+    {\centering
+     \interlinepenalty \@M
+     \normalfont
+     \ifnum \c@secnumdepth >-2\relax
+       \huge\scshape \partname~\thepart
+       \par
+       \vskip 20\p@
         \fi
-        #7}}%
+     \Huge \scshape #2\par}%
+    \@endpart}
+\def\@spart#1{%
+    {\centering
+     \interlinepenalty \@M
+     \normalfont
+     \Huge \scshape #1\par}%
+    \@endpart}
+\def\@endpart{\vfil\newpage
+              \if@twoside
+                \null
+                \thispagestyle{empty}%
+                \newpage
   \fi
-  \@xsect{#5}}
-
-%
-% measures and setting of sections
-%
-\def\section{\@startsection{section}{1}{\z@}%
-    {-16dd plus-4pt minus-4pt}{6dd}{\large\sffamily\bfseries}}
-\def\subsection{\@startsection{subsection}{2}{\z@}%
-    {-16dd}{6dd}{\large\sffamily\itshape}}
-\def\subsubsection{\@startsection{subsubsection}{3}{\z@}%
-    {-16dd}{6dd}{\large\sffamily}}
-\def\paragraph{\@startsection{paragraph}{4}{\z@}%
-    {-16dd}{-1pt}{\normalsize\sffamily}}
+              \if@tempswa
+                \twocolumn
+              \fi}
+\newcommand\chapter{\if@openright\cleardoublepage\else\clearpage\fi
+                    \thispagestyle{empty}%
+                    \global\@topnum\z@
+                    \@afterindentfalse
+                    \secdef\@chapter\@schapter}
+\def\@chapter[#1]#2{\ifnum \c@secnumdepth >\m@ne
+                       \if@mainmatter
+                         \refstepcounter{chapter}%
+                         \typeout{\@chapapp\thechapter.}%
+                         \addcontentsline{toc}{chapter}%
+                                   {\protect\numberline{\thechapter}~ #1}%
+                       \else
+                         \addcontentsline{toc}{chapter}{#1}%
+                       \fi
+                    \else
+                      \addcontentsline{toc}{chapter}{#1}%
+                    \fi
+                    \chaptermark{#1}%
+                    \addtocontents{lof}{\protect\addvspace{10\p@}}%
+                    \addtocontents{lot}{\protect\addvspace{10\p@}}%
+                    \if@twocolumn
+                      \@topnewpage[\@makechapterhead{#2}]%
+                    \else
+                      \@makechapterhead{#2}%
+                      \@afterheading
+                    \fi}
+\def\@makechapterhead#1{%
+  \vspace*{10\p@}%
+  {\parindent \z@ \raggedright \normalfont
+    \ifnum \c@secnumdepth >\m@ne
+      \if@mainmatter
+        \center{\large\thechapter}
+        \par\nobreak
+        \vskip 10\p@
+      \fi
+    \fi
+    \interlinepenalty\@M
+    \Large\scshape #1\par\nobreak
+    \vskip 40\p@
+  }}
+\def\@schapter#1{\if@twocolumn
+                   \@topnewpage[\@makeschapterhead{#1}]%
+                 \else
+                   \@makeschapterhead{#1}%
+                   \@afterheading
+                 \fi}
+\def\@makeschapterhead#1{%
+  \vspace*{50\p@}%
+  {\parindent \z@ \raggedright
+    \normalfont
+    \interlinepenalty\@M
+    \center{\LARGE \scshape  #1\par\nobreak}
+    \vskip 40\p@
+  }}
+
+\newcommand\section{\@startsection{section}{1}{\z@}%
+                       {-18\p@ \@plus -4\p@ \@minus -4\p@}%
+                       {12\p@ \@plus 4\p@ \@minus 4\p@}%
+                       {\normalfont\large\scshape\boldmath
+                        \rightskip=\z@ \@plus 8em\pretolerance=10000 }}
+\newcommand\subsection{\@startsection{subsection}{2}{\z@}%
+                       {-18\p@ \@plus -4\p@ \@minus -4\p@}%
+                       {8\p@ \@plus 4\p@ \@minus 4\p@}%
+                       {\normalfont\normalsize\slshape\boldmath
+                        \rightskip=\z@ \@plus 8em\pretolerance=10000 }}
+\newcommand\subsubsection{\@startsection{subsubsection}{3}{\z@}%
+                       {-18\p@ \@plus -4\p@ \@minus -4\p@}%
+                       {-0.5em \@plus -0.22em \@minus -0.1em}%
+                       {\normalfont\normalsize\slshape\boldmath}}
+\newcommand\paragraph{\@startsection{paragraph}{4}{\z@}%
+                       {-12\p@ \@plus -4\p@ \@minus -4\p@}%
+                       {-0.5em \@plus -0.22em \@minus -0.1em}%
+                       {\normalfont\normalsize\itshape}}
+\newcommand\subparagraph[1]{\typeout{LNCSE warning: You should not use
+                  \string\subparagraph\space with this class}\vskip0.5cm
+You should not use \verb|\subparagraph| with this class.\vskip0.5cm}

-\setlength\leftmargini  {\parindent}
+\if@twocolumn
+  \setlength\leftmargini  {2em}
+\else
+  \setlength\leftmargini  {2.5em}
+\fi
 \leftmargin  \leftmargini
-\setlength\leftmarginii {\parindent}
+\setlength\leftmarginii  {2.2em}
 \setlength\leftmarginiii {1.87em}
 \setlength\leftmarginiv  {1.7em}
+\if@twocolumn
 \setlength\leftmarginv  {.5em}
 \setlength\leftmarginvi {.5em}
+\else
+  \setlength\leftmarginv  {1em}
+  \setlength\leftmarginvi {1em}
+\fi
 \setlength  \labelsep  {.5em}
 \setlength  \labelwidth{\leftmargini}
 \addtolength\labelwidth{-\labelsep}
@@ -659,190 +472,16 @@
 \renewcommand\p@enumii{\theenumi}
 \renewcommand\p@enumiii{\theenumi(\theenumii)}
 \renewcommand\p@enumiv{\p@enumiii\theenumiii}
-\newcommand\labelitemi{\normalfont\bfseries --}
+\newcommand\labelitemi{$\m@th\bullet$}
 \newcommand\labelitemii{\normalfont\bfseries --}
-\newcommand\labelitemiii{$\m@th\bullet$}
+\newcommand\labelitemiii{$\m@th\ast$}
 \newcommand\labelitemiv{$\m@th\cdot$}
-
-% redefinition of the "\newtheorem" command.
-%
-% Usage now:
-%
-%     \newtheorem{env_nam}{caption}[within]{cap_font}{body_font}
-% or  \newtheorem{env_nam}[numbered_like]{caption}{cap_font}{body_font}
-% or  \newtheorem*{env_nam}{caption}{cap_font}{body_font}
-%
-% New is "cap_font" and "body_font". It stands for
-% fontdefinition of the caption and the text itself.
-%
-% "\newtheorem*" gives a theorem without number.
-%
-% A defined newthoerem environment is used as described
-% by Lamport.
-%
-%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
-
-\def\@thmcountersep{}
-\def\@thmcounterend{.}
-
-\def\newtheorem{\@ifstar{\@sthm}{\@Sthm}}
-
-% definition of \newtheorem with number
-
-\def\@Sthm#1{\@ifnextchar[{\@othm{#1}}{\@nthm{#1}}}
-
-\def\@xnthm#1#2[#3]#4#5{\expandafter\@ifdefinable\csname #1\endcsname
-   {\@definecounter{#1}\@addtoreset{#1}{#3}%
-   \expandafter\xdef\csname the#1\endcsname{\expandafter\noexpand
-     \csname the#3\endcsname \noexpand\@thmcountersep \@thmcounter{#1}}%
-   \expandafter\xdef\csname #1name\endcsname{#2}%
-   \global\@namedef{#1}{\@thm{#1}{\csname #1name\endcsname}{#4}{#5}}%
-                              \global\@namedef{end#1}{\@endtheorem}}}
-
-\def\@ynthm#1#2#3#4{\expandafter\@ifdefinable\csname #1\endcsname
-   {\@definecounter{#1}%
-   \expandafter\xdef\csname the#1\endcsname{\@thmcounter{#1}}%
-   \expandafter\xdef\csname #1name\endcsname{#2}%
-   \global\@namedef{#1}{\@thm{#1}{\csname #1name\endcsname}{#3}{#4}}%
-                               \global\@namedef{end#1}{\@endtheorem}}}
-
-\def\@othm#1[#2]#3#4#5{%
-  \@ifundefined{c@#2}{\@latexerr{No theorem environment `#2'
-  defined}\@eha}%
-  {\expandafter\@ifdefinable\csname #1\endcsname
-  {\global\@namedef{the#1}{\@nameuse{the#2}}%
-  \expandafter\xdef\csname #1name\endcsname{#3}%
-  \global\@namedef{#1}{\@thm{#2}{\csname #1name\endcsname}{#4}{#5}}%
-  \global\@namedef{end#1}{\@endtheorem}}}}
-
-\def\@thm#1#2#3#4{\refstepcounter
-    {#1}\@ifnextchar[{\@ythm{#1}{#2}{#3}{#4}}{\@xthm{#1}{#2}{#3}{#4}}}
-
-\def\@xthm#1#2#3#4{\@begintheorem{#2}{\csname the#1\endcsname}{#3}{#4}%
-                    \ignorespaces}
-
-\def\@ythm#1#2#3#4[#5]{\@opargbegintheorem{#2}{\csname
-       the#1\endcsname}{#5}{#3}{#4}\ignorespaces}
-
-\def\@begintheorem#1#2#3#4{\trivlist
-                 \item[\hskip\labelsep{#3#1\ #2\@thmcounterend}]#4}
-
-\def\@opargbegintheorem#1#2#3#4#5{\trivlist
-      \item[\hskip\labelsep{#4#1\ #2\ (#3)\@thmcounterend}]#5}
-
-% definition of \newtheorem* without number
-
-\def\@sthm#1#2{\@Ynthm{#1}{#2}}
-
-\def\@Ynthm#1#2#3#4{\expandafter\@ifdefinable\csname #1\endcsname
-   {\global\@namedef{#1}{\@Thm{\csname #1name\endcsname}{#3}{#4}}%
-    \expandafter\xdef\csname #1name\endcsname{#2}%
-    \global\@namedef{end#1}{\@endtheorem}}}
-
-\def\@Thm#1#2#3{\@ifnextchar[{\@Ythm{#1}{#2}{#3}}{\@Xthm{#1}{#2}{#3}}}
-
-\def\@Xthm#1#2#3{\@Begintheorem{#1}{#2}{#3}\ignorespaces}
-
-\def\@Ythm#1#2#3[#4]{\@Opargbegintheorem{#1}
-       {#4}{#2}{#3}\ignorespaces}
-
-\def\@Begintheorem#1#2#3{#3\trivlist
-                           \item[\hskip\labelsep{#2#1\@thmcounterend}]}
-
-\def\@Opargbegintheorem#1#2#3#4{#4\trivlist
-      \item[\hskip\labelsep{#3#1\ (#2)\@thmcounterend}]}
-
-% definition of divers theorem environments
-
-\if@envcntsect
-   \def\@thmcountersep{.}
-   \newtheorem{theorem}{Theorem}[section]{\bf}{\it}
-\else
-   \newtheorem{theorem}{Theorem}{\bf}{\it}
-   \if@envcntreset
-      \@addtoreset{theorem}{section}
-   \else
-      \@addtoreset{theorem}{chapter}
-   \fi
-\fi
-\newtheorem*{proof}{Proof}{\it}{\rm}
-\newtheorem{corollary}[theorem]{Corollary}{\bf}{\it}
-\newtheorem{definition}[theorem]{Definition}{\bf}{\rm}
-\newtheorem{example}[theorem]{Example}{\it}{\rm}
-\newtheorem{exercise}[theorem]{Exercise}{\it}{\rm}
-\newtheorem{lemma}[theorem]{Lemma}{\bf}{\it}
-\newtheorem{note}[theorem]{Note}{\it}{\rm}
-\newtheorem{problem}[theorem]{Problem}{\it}{\rm}
-\newtheorem{proposition}[theorem]{Proposition}{\bf}{\it}
-\newtheorem{question}[theorem]{Question}{\it}{\rm}
-\newtheorem{remark}[theorem]{Remark}{\it}{\rm}
-\newtheorem{solution}[theorem]{Solution}{\it}{\rm}
-
-\def\@takefromreset#1#2{%
-    \def\@tempa{#1}%
-    \let\@tempd\@elt
-    \def\@elt##1{%
-        \def\@tempb{##1}%
-        \ifx\@tempa\@tempb\else
-            \@addtoreset{##1}{#2}%
-        \fi}%
-    \expandafter\expandafter\let\expandafter\@tempc\csname cl@#2\endcsname
-    \expandafter\def\csname cl@#2\endcsname{}%
-    \@tempc
-    \let\@elt\@tempd}
-
-\def\theopargself{\def\@opargbegintheorem##1##2##3##4##5{\trivlist
-      \item[\hskip\labelsep{##4##1\ ##2\ ##3}]##5}
-                  \def\@Opargbegintheorem##1##2##3##4{##4\trivlist
-      \item[\hskip\labelsep{##3##1\ ##2}]}
-      }
-
-\def\squareforqed{\hbox{\rlap{$\sqcap$}$\sqcup$}}
-\def\qed{\ifmmode\else\unskip\quad\fi\squareforqed}
-%
-\newdimen\figgap\figgap=1cc
-\long\def\@makesidecaption#1#2{%
-   \parbox[b]{\@tempdima}{\captionstyle{\floatlegendstyle
-                                         #1\floatcounterend}#2}}
-\def\sidecaption#1\caption{%
-\setbox\@tempboxa=\hbox{#1\unskip}%
-\if@twocolumn
- \ifdim\hsize<\textwidth\else
-   \ifdim\wd\@tempboxa<\columnwidth
-      \typeout{Double column float fits into single column -
-            ^^Jyou'd better switch the environment. }%
-   \fi
- \fi
-\fi
-\@tempdima=\hsize
-\advance\@tempdima by-\figgap
-\advance\@tempdima by-\wd\@tempboxa
-\ifdim\@tempdima<3cm
-    \typeout{\string\sidecaption: No sufficient room for the legend;
-             using normal \string\caption. }%
-   \unhbox\@tempboxa
-   \let\@capcommand=\@caption
-\else
-   \let\@capcommand=\@sidecaption
-   \leavevmode
-   \unhbox\@tempboxa
-   \hfill
-\fi
-\refstepcounter\@captype
-\@dblarg{\@capcommand\@captype}}
-
-\long\def\@sidecaption#1[#2]#3{\addcontentsline{\csname
-  ext@#1\endcsname}{#1}{\protect\numberline{\csname
-  the#1\endcsname}{\ignorespaces #2}}\begingroup
-    \@parboxrestore
-    \@makesidecaption{\csname fnum@#1\endcsname}{\ignorespaces #3}\par
-  \endgroup}
-%
-% Define \acknowledgements
-\def\acknowledgements{\par\addvspace{6pt}\small\rm
-\trivlist\item[\hskip\labelsep{\em Acknowledgements.\/}]}
-\def\endacknowledgements{\endtrivlist\addvspace{6pt}}
-%
+\newenvironment{description}
+               {\list{}{\labelwidth\z@ \itemindent-\leftmargin
+                        \let\makelabel\descriptionlabel}}
+               {\endlist}
+\newcommand*\descriptionlabel[1]{\hspace\labelsep
+                                \normalfont\slshape #1}
 \newenvironment{verse}
                {\let\\\@centercr
                 \list{}{\itemsep      \z@
@@ -866,6 +505,7 @@
 \if@compatibility
 \newenvironment{titlepage}
     {%
+      \cleardoublepage
       \if@twocolumn
         \@restonecoltrue\onecolumn
       \else
@@ -879,6 +519,7 @@
 \else
 \newenvironment{titlepage}
     {%
+      \cleardoublepage
       \if@twocolumn
         \@restonecoltrue\onecolumn
       \else
@@ -894,29 +535,11 @@
     }
 \fi
 \newcommand\appendix{\par
-\def\@seccntformat##1{\csname theap##1\endcsname\hskip\betweenumberspace}
+  \setcounter{chapter}{0}%
   \setcounter{section}{0}%
-  \setcounter{subsection}{0}%
-  \setcounter{figure}{0}%
-  \setcounter{table}{0}%
-  \newcommand\theapsection{Appendix \@Alph\c@section:}%
-  \newcommand\theapsubsection{\@Alph\c@section.\@arabic\c@subsection.}%
-  \newcommand\theapsubsubsection{\theapsubsection\@arabic\c@subsubsection.}%
-  \renewcommand\thesection{\@Alph\c@section}%
-  \renewcommand\thesubsection{\@Alph\c@section.\@arabic\c@subsection}%
-  \renewcommand\thesubsubsection{\thesubsection.\@arabic\c@subsubsection}%
-  \renewcommand\theequation{\@Alph\c@section.\@arabic\c@equation}%
-  \renewcommand\thefigure{\@Alph\c@section.\@arabic\c@figure}%
-  \renewcommand\thetable{\@Alph\c@section.\@arabic\c@table}%
-  \@addtoreset{equation}{section}%
-  \@addtoreset{figure}{section}%
-  \@addtoreset{table}{section}%
-  \def\subfigures{\stepcounter{figure}\setcounter{auth}{\value{figure}}%
-  \setcounter{figure}{0}%
-  \def\thefigure{\@Alph\c@section\@arabic\c@auth\alph{figure}}%
-  \def\resetsubfig{\setcounter{figure}{\value{auth}}}}}
-%
-\setlength\arraycolsep{2.5\p@}
+  \renewcommand\@chapapp{\appendixname}%
+  \renewcommand\thechapter{\@Alph\c@chapter}}
+\setlength\arraycolsep{5\p@}
 \setlength\tabcolsep{6\p@}
 \setlength\arrayrulewidth{.4\p@}
 \setlength\doublerulesep{2\p@}
@@ -924,25 +547,22 @@
 \skip\@mpfootins = \skip\footins
 \setlength\fboxsep{3\p@}
 \setlength\fboxrule{.4\p@}
-\renewcommand\theequation{\@arabic\c@equation}
-\newcounter{figure}
-\renewcommand\thefigure{\@arabic\c@figure}
+\@addtoreset{equation}{chapter}
+\renewcommand\theequation{\thechapter.\@arabic\c@equation}
+\newcounter{figure}[chapter]
+\renewcommand\thefigure{\thechapter.\@arabic\c@figure}
 \def\fps@figure{tbp}
 \def\ftype@figure{1}
 \def\ext@figure{lof}
-\def\fnum@figure{\figurename\,\thefigure}
+\def\fnum@figure{\figurename~\thefigure}
 \newenvironment{figure}
                {\@float{figure}}
-               {\resetsubfig\end@float}
+               {\end@float}
 \newenvironment{figure*}
                {\@dblfloat{figure}}
-               {\resetsubfig\end@dblfloat}
-\let\resetsubfig\relax
-\def\subfigures{\stepcounter{figure}\setcounter{auth}{\value{figure}}%
-\setcounter{figure}{0}\def\thefigure{\@arabic\c@auth\alph{figure}}%
-\def\resetsubfig{\setcounter{figure}{\value{auth}}}}
-\newcounter{table}
-\renewcommand\thetable{\@arabic\c@table}
+               {\end@dblfloat}
+\newcounter{table}[chapter]
+\renewcommand\thetable{\thechapter.\@arabic\c@table}
 \def\fps@table{tbp}
 \def\ftype@table{2}
 \def\ext@table{lot}
@@ -953,63 +573,20 @@
 \newenvironment{table*}
                {\@dblfloat{table}}
                {\end@dblfloat}
-
-\def \@floatboxreset {%
-        \reset@font
-        \small
-        \@setnobreak
-        \@setminipage
-}
-
 \newlength\abovecaptionskip
 \newlength\belowcaptionskip
 \setlength\abovecaptionskip{10\p@}
 \setlength\belowcaptionskip{0\p@}
-\newcommand\leftlegendglue{}
-
-\def\fig@type{figure}
-
-\newdimen\figcapgap\figcapgap=5pt
-\newdimen\tabcapgap\tabcapgap=10pt
-
-\@ifundefined{floatlegendstyle}{\def\floatlegendstyle{\bf}}{}
-\def\floatcounterend{.}
-
-\long\def\@caption#1[#2]#3{\par\addcontentsline{\csname
-  ext@#1\endcsname}{#1}{\protect\numberline{\csname
-  the#1\endcsname}{\ignorespaces #2}}\begingroup
-    \@parboxrestore
-    \@makecaption{\csname fnum@#1\endcsname}{\ignorespaces #3}\par
-  \endgroup}
-
-\def\capstrut{\vrule\@width\z@\@height\topskip}
-\@ifundefined{captionstyle}{\def\captionstyle{\normalfont\small}}{}
-
 \long\def\@makecaption#1#2{%
- \ifx\@captype\fig@type
-   \vskip\figcapgap
-   \setbox\@tempboxa\hbox{{\floatlegendstyle #1\floatcounterend}
-   \capstrut #2}%
+  \vskip\abovecaptionskip
+  \sbox\@tempboxa{#1: #2}%
    \ifdim \wd\@tempboxa >\hsize
-     {\floatlegendstyle #1\floatcounterend} \capstrut #2\par
+    {\leftskip=1cm\rightskip=1cm{\small #1: #2\par}\leftskip=-1cm\rightskip=-1cm}
    \else
-     \hbox to\hsize{\leftlegendglue\unhbox\@tempboxa\hfil}%
+    \global \@minipagefalse
+    \hb@xt@\hsize{\hfil\box\@tempboxa\hfil}%
    \fi
- \else
-   {\floatlegendstyle #1\floatcounterend} \capstrut #2\par
-   \vskip\tabcapgap
- \fi}
-% Define `acknowledgement' environment
-\def\acknowledgement{\par\addvspace{17pt}\small\rm
-\trivlist\item[\hskip\labelsep
-{\it\ackname}]}
-\def\endacknowledgement{\endtrivlist\addvspace{6pt}}
-% Define `noteadd' environment
-\def\noteadd{\par\addvspace{17pt}\small\rm
-\trivlist\item[\hskip\labelsep
-{\it\noteaddname}]}
-\def\endnoteadd{\endtrivlist\addvspace{6pt}}
-
+  \vskip\belowcaptionskip}
 \DeclareOldFontCommand{\rm}{\normalfont\rmfamily}{\mathrm}
 \DeclareOldFontCommand{\sf}{\normalfont\sffamily}{\mathsf}
 \DeclareOldFontCommand{\tt}{\normalfont\ttfamily}{\mathtt}
@@ -1022,16 +599,22 @@
 \newcommand\@pnumwidth{1.55em}
 \newcommand\@tocrmarg{2.55em}
 \newcommand\@dotsep{4.5}
-\setcounter{tocdepth}{3}
+\setcounter{tocdepth}{2}
 \newcommand\tableofcontents{%
-    \section*{\contentsname
+    \if@twocolumn
+      \@restonecoltrue\onecolumn
+    \else
+      \@restonecolfalse
+    \fi
+    \chapter*{\contentsname
         \@mkboth{%
            \MakeUppercase\contentsname}{\MakeUppercase\contentsname}}%
     \@starttoc{toc}%
+    \if@restonecol\twocolumn\fi
     }
 \newcommand*\l@part[2]{%
   \ifnum \c@tocdepth >-2\relax
-    \addpenalty\@secpenalty
+    \addpenalty{-\@highpenalty}%
     \addvspace{2.25em \@plus\p@}%
     \begingroup
       \setlength\@tempdima{3em}%
@@ -1040,16 +623,14 @@
       {\leavevmode
        \large \bfseries #1\hfil \hb@xt@\@pnumwidth{\hss #2}}\par
        \nobreak
-       \if@compatibility
          \global\@nobreaktrue
          \everypar{\global\@nobreakfalse\everypar{}}%
-      \fi
     \endgroup
   \fi}
-\newcommand*\l@section[2]{%
-  \ifnum \c@tocdepth >\z@
-    \addpenalty\@secpenalty
-    \addvspace{1.0em \@plus\p@}%
+\newcommand*\l@chapter[2]{%
+  \ifnum \c@tocdepth >\m@ne
+    \addpenalty{-\@highpenalty}%
+    \vskip 1.0em \@plus\p@
     \setlength\@tempdima{1.5em}%
     \begingroup
       \parindent \z@ \rightskip \@pnumwidth
@@ -1058,37 +639,49 @@
       \advance\leftskip\@tempdima
       \hskip -\leftskip
       #1\nobreak\hfil \nobreak\hb@xt@\@pnumwidth{\hss #2}\par
+      \penalty\@highpenalty
     \endgroup
   \fi}
-\newcommand*\l@subsection{\@dottedtocline{2}{1.5em}{2.3em}}
-\newcommand*\l@subsubsection{\@dottedtocline{3}{3.8em}{3.2em}}
-\newcommand*\l@paragraph{\@dottedtocline{4}{7.0em}{4.1em}}
-\newcommand*\l@subparagraph{\@dottedtocline{5}{10em}{5em}}
+\newcommand*\l@section{\@dottedtocline{1}{1.5em}{2.3em}}
+\newcommand*\l@subsection{\@dottedtocline{2}{3.8em}{1.7em}}
+\newcommand*\l@subsubsection{\@dottedtocline{3}{7.0em}{4.1em}}
+\newcommand*\l@paragraph{\@dottedtocline{4}{10em}{5em}}
+\newcommand*\l@subparagraph{\@dottedtocline{5}{12em}{6em}}
 \newcommand\listoffigures{%
-    \section*{\listfigurename
+    \if@twocolumn
+      \@restonecoltrue\onecolumn
+    \else
+      \@restonecolfalse
+    \fi
+    \chapter*{\listfigurename
       \@mkboth{\MakeUppercase\listfigurename}%
               {\MakeUppercase\listfigurename}}%
     \@starttoc{lof}%
+    \if@restonecol\twocolumn\fi
     }
 \newcommand*\l@figure{\@dottedtocline{1}{1.5em}{2.3em}}
 \newcommand\listoftables{%
-    \section*{\listtablename
+    \if@twocolumn
+      \@restonecoltrue\onecolumn
+    \else
+      \@restonecolfalse
+    \fi
+    \chapter*{\listtablename
       \@mkboth{%
           \MakeUppercase\listtablename}{\MakeUppercase\listtablename}}%
     \@starttoc{lot}%
+    \if@restonecol\twocolumn\fi
     }
 \let\l@table\l@figure
 \newdimen\bibindent
-\setlength\bibindent{\parindent}
-\def\@biblabel#1{}
-\def\@cite#1#2{{#1\if@tempswa , #2\fi}}
+\setlength\bibindent{1.5em}
 \newenvironment{thebibliography}[1]
-     {\section*{{\normalsize\refname}
-        \@mkboth{\refname}{\refname}}\small
+     {\chapter*{\bibname
+        \@mkboth{\MakeUppercase\bibname}{\MakeUppercase\bibname}}%
       \list{\@biblabel{\@arabic\c@enumiv}}%
            {\settowidth\labelwidth{\@biblabel{#1}}%
-           \leftmargin\bibindent
-           \setlength{\itemindent}{-\leftmargin}
+            \leftmargin\labelwidth
+            \advance\leftmargin\labelsep
            \@openbib@code
            \usecounter{enumiv}%
            \let\p@enumiv\@empty
@@ -1108,10 +701,10 @@
                 \fi
                 \columnseprule \z@
                 \columnsep 35\p@
-                \twocolumn[\section*{\indexname}]%
+                \twocolumn[\@makeschapterhead{\indexname}]%
                 \@mkboth{\MakeUppercase\indexname}%
                         {\MakeUppercase\indexname}%
-                \thispagestyle{plain}\parindent\z@
+                \thispagestyle{empty}\parindent\z@
                 \parskip\z@ \@plus .3\p@\relax
                 \let\item\@idxitem}
                {\if@restonecol\onecolumn\else\clearpage\fi}
@@ -1123,263 +716,41 @@
   \kern-3\p@
   \hrule\@width.4\columnwidth
   \kern2.6\p@}
+\@addtoreset{footnote}{chapter}
 \newcommand\@makefntext[1]{%
+    \parindent 1em%
     \noindent
-    \hb@xt@\bibindent{\hss\@makefnmark\enspace}#1}
-%
-\newcommand\listofobjects{\if@nyobjects
-  \IfFileExists{\jobname.obj}%
-               {\section*{\listobjectname}%
-                \@starttoc{obj}}%
-               {\begingroup
-                   \makeatletter
-                   \if@filesw
-                      \newwrite\tf@obj
-                      \immediate\openout\tf@obj\jobname.obj
-                      \relax
-                   \fi
-                   \global\@nobreakfalse
-                \endgroup}\fi
-               }
-%
-\newcommand*\l@obj[2]{\noindent`#1' on page #2\par}
-%
-\DeclareRobustCommand{\object}[1]{#1\global\let\if@nyobjects\iftrue
-\addcontentsline{obj}{obj}{#1}}
-%
+    \hb@xt@1.8em{\hss\@makefnmark}#1}
 \newcommand\contentsname{Contents}
 \newcommand\listfigurename{List of Figures}
-\newcommand\listobjectname{List of Objects}
 \newcommand\listtablename{List of Tables}
-\newcommand\refname{References}
+\newcommand\bibname{Bibliography}
 \newcommand\indexname{Index}
-\newcommand\figurename{Fig.}
+\newcommand\figurename{Figure}
 \newcommand\tablename{Table}
 \newcommand\partname{Part}
+\newcommand\chaptername{Chapter}
 \newcommand\appendixname{Appendix}
-\newcommand\abstractname{Abstract.}
-\newcommand\ackname{Acknowledgements.}
-\newcommand\noteaddname{Note added in proof}
 \newcommand\today{}
 \edef\today{\ifcase\month\or
   January\or February\or March\or April\or May\or June\or
   July\or August\or September\or October\or November\or December\fi
   \space\number\day, \number\year}
-\setlength\columnsep{4mm}
+\setlength\columnsep{10\p@}
 \setlength\columnseprule{0\p@}
-\frenchspacing
-\clubpenalty=10000
-\widowpenalty=10000
-\def\thisbottomragged{\def\@textbottom{\vskip\z@ plus.0001fil
-\global\let\@textbottom\relax}}
 \pagestyle{headings}
 \pagenumbering{arabic}
-\if@referee
-  \setlength{\textwidth}{0.75\textwidth}
-  \def\baselinestretch{1.5}
-  \let\AALogo\relax
-  \onecolumn
-  \AtEndDocument{\listofobjects}%
+\if@twoside
 \else
-  \twocolumn
+  \raggedbottom
 \fi
+\if@twocolumn
+  \twocolumn
 \sloppy
 \flushbottom
-\def\squareforqed{\hbox{\rlap{$\sqcap$}$\sqcup$}}
-\def\sq{\ifmmode\squareforqed\else{\unskip\nobreak\hfil
-\penalty50\hskip1em\null\nobreak\hfil\squareforqed
-\parfillskip=0pt\finalhyphendemerits=0\endgraf}\fi}
-
-\def\sun{\hbox{$\odot$}}
-\def\la{\mathrel{\mathchoice {\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil
-$\displaystyle##$\hfil\cr<\cr\sim\cr}}}
-{\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil$\textstyle##$\hfil\cr
-<\cr\sim\cr}}}
-{\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil$\scriptstyle##$\hfil\cr
-<\cr\sim\cr}}}
-{\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil$\scriptscriptstyle##$\hfil\cr
-<\cr\sim\cr}}}}}
-\def\ga{\mathrel{\mathchoice {\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil
-$\displaystyle##$\hfil\cr>\cr\sim\cr}}}
-{\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil$\textstyle##$\hfil\cr
->\cr\sim\cr}}}
-{\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil$\scriptstyle##$\hfil\cr
->\cr\sim\cr}}}
-{\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil$\scriptscriptstyle##$\hfil\cr
->\cr\sim\cr}}}}}
-\def\degr{\hbox{$^\circ$}}
-\def\arcmin{\hbox{$^\prime$}}
-\def\arcsec{\hbox{$^{\prime\prime}$}}
-\def\utw{\smash{\rlap{\lower5pt\hbox{$\sim$}}}}
-\def\udtw{\smash{\rlap{\lower6pt\hbox{$\approx$}}}}
-\def\fd{\hbox{$.\!\!^{\rm d}$}}
-\def\fh{\hbox{$.\!\!^{\rm h}$}}
-\def\fm{\hbox{$.\!\!^{\rm m}$}}
-\def\fs{\hbox{$.\!\!^{\rm s}$}}
-\def\fdg{\hbox{$.\!\!^\circ$}}
-\def\farcm{\hbox{$.\mkern-4mu^\prime$}}
-\def\farcs{\hbox{$.\!\!^{\prime\prime}$}}
-\def\fp{\hbox{$.\!\!^{\scriptscriptstyle\rm p}$}}
-\def\cor{\mathrel{\mathchoice {\hbox{$\widehat=$}}{\hbox{$\widehat=$}}
-{\hbox{$\scriptstyle\hat=$}}
-{\hbox{$\scriptscriptstyle\hat=$}}}}
-\def\sol{\mathrel{\mathchoice {\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil
-$\displaystyle##$\hfil\cr\sim\cr<\cr}}}
-{\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil$\textstyle##$\hfil\cr\sim\cr
-<\cr}}}
-{\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil$\scriptstyle##$\hfil\cr\sim\cr
-<\cr}}}
-{\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil$\scriptscriptstyle##$\hfil\cr
-\sim\cr<\cr}}}}}
-\def\sog{\mathrel{\mathchoice {\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil
-$\displaystyle##$\hfil\cr\sim\cr>\cr}}}
-{\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil$\textstyle##$\hfil\cr\sim\cr
->\cr}}}
-{\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil$\scriptstyle##$\hfil\cr
-\sim\cr>\cr}}}
-{\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil$\scriptscriptstyle##$\hfil\cr
-\sim\cr>\cr}}}}}
-\def\lse{\mathrel{\mathchoice {\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil
-$\displaystyle##$\hfil\cr<\cr\simeq\cr}}}
-{\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil$\textstyle##$\hfil\cr
-<\cr\simeq\cr}}}
-{\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil$\scriptstyle##$\hfil\cr
-<\cr\simeq\cr}}}
-{\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil$\scriptscriptstyle##$\hfil\cr
-<\cr\simeq\cr}}}}}
-\def\gse{\mathrel{\mathchoice {\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil
-$\displaystyle##$\hfil\cr>\cr\simeq\cr}}}
-{\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil$\textstyle##$\hfil\cr
->\cr\simeq\cr}}}
-{\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil$\scriptstyle##$\hfil\cr
->\cr\simeq\cr}}}
-{\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil$\scriptscriptstyle##$\hfil\cr
->\cr\simeq\cr}}}}}
-\def\grole{\mathrel{\mathchoice {\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil
-$\displaystyle##$\hfil\cr>\cr\noalign{\vskip-1.5pt}<\cr}}}
-{\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil$\textstyle##$\hfil\cr
->\cr\noalign{\vskip-1.5pt}<\cr}}}
-{\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil$\scriptstyle##$\hfil\cr
->\cr\noalign{\vskip-1pt}<\cr}}}
-{\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil$\scriptscriptstyle##$\hfil\cr
->\cr\noalign{\vskip-0.5pt}<\cr}}}}}
-\def\leogr{\mathrel{\mathchoice {\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil
-$\displaystyle##$\hfil\cr<\cr\noalign{\vskip-1.5pt}>\cr}}}
-{\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil$\textstyle##$\hfil\cr
-<\cr\noalign{\vskip-1.5pt}>\cr}}}
-{\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil$\scriptstyle##$\hfil\cr
-<\cr\noalign{\vskip-1pt}>\cr}}}
-{\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil$\scriptscriptstyle##$\hfil\cr
-<\cr\noalign{\vskip-0.5pt}>\cr}}}}}
-\def\loa{\mathrel{\mathchoice {\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil
-$\displaystyle##$\hfil\cr<\cr\approx\cr}}}
-{\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil$\textstyle##$\hfil\cr
-<\cr\approx\cr}}}
-{\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil$\scriptstyle##$\hfil\cr
-<\cr\approx\cr}}}
-{\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil$\scriptscriptstyle##$\hfil\cr
-<\cr\approx\cr}}}}}
-\def\goa{\mathrel{\mathchoice {\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil
-$\displaystyle##$\hfil\cr>\cr\approx\cr}}}
-{\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil$\textstyle##$\hfil\cr
->\cr\approx\cr}}}
-{\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil$\scriptstyle##$\hfil\cr
->\cr\approx\cr}}}
-{\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil$\scriptscriptstyle##$\hfil\cr
->\cr\approx\cr}}}}}
-\def\diameter{{\ifmmode\mathchoice
-{\ooalign{\hfil\hbox{$\displaystyle/$}\hfil\crcr
-{\hbox{$\displaystyle\mathchar"20D$}}}}
-{\ooalign{\hfil\hbox{$\textstyle/$}\hfil\crcr
-{\hbox{$\textstyle\mathchar"20D$}}}}
-{\ooalign{\hfil\hbox{$\scriptstyle/$}\hfil\crcr
-{\hbox{$\scriptstyle\mathchar"20D$}}}}
-{\ooalign{\hfil\hbox{$\scriptscriptstyle/$}\hfil\crcr
-{\hbox{$\scriptscriptstyle\mathchar"20D$}}}}
-\else{\ooalign{\hfil/\hfil\crcr\mathhexbox20D}}%
-\fi}}
-
-\def\getsto{\mathrel{\mathchoice {\vcenter{\offinterlineskip
-\halign{\hfil
-$\displaystyle##$\hfil\cr\gets\cr\to\cr}}}
-{\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil$\textstyle##$\hfil\cr\gets
-\cr\to\cr}}}
-{\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil$\scriptstyle##$\hfil\cr\gets
-\cr\to\cr}}}
-{\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil$\scriptscriptstyle##$\hfil\cr
-\gets\cr\to\cr}}}}}
-\def\lid{\mathrel{\mathchoice {\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil
-$\displaystyle##$\hfil\cr<\cr\noalign{\vskip1.2pt}=\cr}}}
-{\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil$\textstyle##$\hfil\cr<\cr
-\noalign{\vskip1.2pt}=\cr}}}
-{\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil$\scriptstyle##$\hfil\cr<\cr
-\noalign{\vskip1pt}=\cr}}}
-{\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil$\scriptscriptstyle##$\hfil\cr
-<\cr
-\noalign{\vskip0.9pt}=\cr}}}}}
-\def\gid{\mathrel{\mathchoice {\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil
-$\displaystyle##$\hfil\cr>\cr\noalign{\vskip1.2pt}=\cr}}}
-{\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil$\textstyle##$\hfil\cr>\cr
-\noalign{\vskip1.2pt}=\cr}}}
-{\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil$\scriptstyle##$\hfil\cr>\cr
-\noalign{\vskip1pt}=\cr}}}
-{\vcenter{\offinterlineskip\halign{\hfil$\scriptscriptstyle##$\hfil\cr
->\cr
-\noalign{\vskip0.9pt}=\cr}}}}}
-\def\bbbr{{\rm I\!R}} %reelle Zahlen
-\def\bbbm{{\rm I\!M}}
-\def\bbbn{{\rm I\!N}} %natuerliche Zahlen
-\def\bbbf{{\rm I\!F}}
-\def\bbbh{{\rm I\!H}}
-\def\bbbk{{\rm I\!K}}
-\def\bbbp{{\rm I\!P}}
-\def\bbbone{{\mathchoice {\rm 1\mskip-4mu l} {\rm 1\mskip-4mu l}
-{\rm 1\mskip-4.5mu l} {\rm 1\mskip-5mu l}}}
-\def\bbbc{{\mathchoice {\setbox0=\hbox{$\displaystyle\rm C$}\hbox{\hbox
-to0pt{\kern0.4\wd0\vrule height0.9\ht0\hss}\box0}}
-{\setbox0=\hbox{$\textstyle\rm C$}\hbox{\hbox
-to0pt{\kern0.4\wd0\vrule height0.9\ht0\hss}\box0}}
-{\setbox0=\hbox{$\scriptstyle\rm C$}\hbox{\hbox
-to0pt{\kern0.4\wd0\vrule height0.9\ht0\hss}\box0}}
-{\setbox0=\hbox{$\scriptscriptstyle\rm C$}\hbox{\hbox
-to0pt{\kern0.4\wd0\vrule height0.9\ht0\hss}\box0}}}}
-\def\bbbq{{\mathchoice {\setbox0=\hbox{$\displaystyle\rm
-Q$}\hbox{\raise
-0.15\ht0\hbox to0pt{\kern0.4\wd0\vrule height0.8\ht0\hss}\box0}}
-{\setbox0=\hbox{$\textstyle\rm Q$}\hbox{\raise
-0.15\ht0\hbox to0pt{\kern0.4\wd0\vrule height0.8\ht0\hss}\box0}}
-{\setbox0=\hbox{$\scriptstyle\rm Q$}\hbox{\raise
-0.15\ht0\hbox to0pt{\kern0.4\wd0\vrule height0.7\ht0\hss}\box0}}
-{\setbox0=\hbox{$\scriptscriptstyle\rm Q$}\hbox{\raise
-0.15\ht0\hbox to0pt{\kern0.4\wd0\vrule height0.7\ht0\hss}\box0}}}}
-\def\bbbt{{\mathchoice {\setbox0=\hbox{$\displaystyle\rm
-T$}\hbox{\hbox to0pt{\kern0.3\wd0\vrule height0.9\ht0\hss}\box0}}
-{\setbox0=\hbox{$\textstyle\rm T$}\hbox{\hbox
-to0pt{\kern0.3\wd0\vrule height0.9\ht0\hss}\box0}}
-{\setbox0=\hbox{$\scriptstyle\rm T$}\hbox{\hbox
-to0pt{\kern0.3\wd0\vrule height0.9\ht0\hss}\box0}}
-{\setbox0=\hbox{$\scriptscriptstyle\rm T$}\hbox{\hbox
-to0pt{\kern0.3\wd0\vrule height0.9\ht0\hss}\box0}}}}
-\def\bbbs{{\mathchoice
-{\setbox0=\hbox{$\displaystyle     \rm S$}\hbox{\raise0.5\ht0\hbox
-to0pt{\kern0.35\wd0\vrule height0.45\ht0\hss}\hbox
-to0pt{\kern0.55\wd0\vrule height0.5\ht0\hss}\box0}}
-{\setbox0=\hbox{$\textstyle        \rm S$}\hbox{\raise0.5\ht0\hbox
-to0pt{\kern0.35\wd0\vrule height0.45\ht0\hss}\hbox
-to0pt{\kern0.55\wd0\vrule height0.5\ht0\hss}\box0}}
-{\setbox0=\hbox{$\scriptstyle      \rm S$}\hbox{\raise0.5\ht0\hbox
-to0pt{\kern0.35\wd0\vrule height0.45\ht0\hss}\raise0.05\ht0\hbox
-to0pt{\kern0.5\wd0\vrule height0.45\ht0\hss}\box0}}
-{\setbox0=\hbox{$\scriptscriptstyle\rm S$}\hbox{\raise0.5\ht0\hbox
-to0pt{\kern0.4\wd0\vrule height0.45\ht0\hss}\raise0.05\ht0\hbox
-to0pt{\kern0.55\wd0\vrule height0.45\ht0\hss}\box0}}}}
-\def\bbbz{{\mathchoice {\hbox{$\sf\textstyle Z\kern-0.4em Z$}}
-{\hbox{$\sf\textstyle Z\kern-0.4em Z$}}
-{\hbox{$\sf\scriptstyle Z\kern-0.3em Z$}}
-{\hbox{$\sf\scriptscriptstyle Z\kern-0.2em Z$}}}}
-\def\ts{\thinspace}
-%
-\uchyph=0
+\else
+  \onecolumn
+\fi
 \endinput
 %%
-%% End of file `aplopt.cls'.
+%% End of file `pbook.cls'.

 

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