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--- /arXMLiv/repos/arXMLiv/trunk/sty/arXivelsart.cls	2010-04-01 15:05:35.000000000 +0200
+++ /arXMLiv/repos/arXMLiv/trunk/sty/elsart5.cls	2010-04-01 18:32:26.000000000 +0200
@@ -1,12 +1,13 @@
+%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%STYLES MODIFIED BY MACMILLAN INDIA LTD %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
 %%
-%% This is file `elsart.cls',
+%% This is file `elsart5.cls',
 %% generated with the docstrip utility.
 %%
 %% The original source files were:
 %%
-%% esl.dtx  (with options: `package,elsart,ONECOL,DEEPLIST')
+%% esl.dtx  (with options: `package,elsauth,wrapper,SL3')
 %%
-%% elsart.cls Copyright (C) 1994-2006 Elsevier Science
+%% elsart5.cls Copyright (C) 1994-2000 Elsevier Science
 %%
 %% This file may be distributed and/or modified under the
 %% conditions of the LaTeX Project Public License, either version 1.2
@@ -16,88 +17,53 @@
 %% and version 1.2 or later is part of all distributions of LaTeX
 %% version 1999/12/01 or later.
 %%
+\special{papersize=210mm,280mm}
+\def\@xiiipt{13}
+\def\nomenclature{\vskip 4pc %Addition for nomenclature environment
+\noindent{\bf Nomenclature}
+\vskip 1pc\noindent}
+\def\endnomenclature{}
+%%
+\newcount\@pubyear
+\newcount\@copyear
+\@pubyear=\number\year
+\@copyear\@pubyear \advance\@copyear-1900
+\def\pubyear#1{\global\@pubyear#1
+  \global\@copyear\@pubyear \global\advance\@copyear-1900
+  \ignorespaces}
+%
+\def\boxit#1#2{\hbox{\vrule
+    \vtop{%
+    \vbox{\hrule\kern#1%
+      \hbox{\kern#1#2\kern#1}}%
+    \kern#1\hrule}%
+   \vrule}}
+%%
 \def\readRCS$#1: #2 #3 #4 #5${%
  \def\RCSfile{#2}%
  \def\RCSversion{#3}%
  \def\RCSdate{#4}%
 }
-\def\@shortjnl{\relax}
- \def\esp@fileversion{2.19}
- \def\esp@filedate{2006/05/01}
- \def\@journal{Elsevier} \def\@company{Elsevier}
- \def\@issn{000-0000}
- \def\@shortjid{elsart}
+\readRCS
+$Header: /source/repository/eslatex/src/texmf/source/latex/elsevier/esl.dtx,v 1.6 2000/10/09 10:45:59 dabeyko Exp $
+ \def\esp@fileversion{2.18}
+ \def\esp@filedate{2001/01/05}
+ \def\@journal{Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials} \def\@company{Elsevier B.V.}
+  \def\@issn{0304-8853}
+%% \def\@journal{Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials}
+%%%\def\@company{Elsevier B.V.}
+%%% \def\@issn{000-0000}
+ \def\@shortjid{elsart5}
 \NeedsTeXFormat{LaTeX2e}[1995/12/01]
 \ProvidesClass{\@shortjid}[\esp@filedate, \esp@fileversion: \@journal]
+\let\@save@journal\@journal
+\let\@save@company\@company
+\let\@save@shortjid\@shortjid

-\newif\if@TwoColumn
-\newif\if@seceqn
-\newif\if@secthm
-\newif\if@nameyear
-\newif\if@Elproofing
-\@Elproofingfalse
-\DeclareOption{12pt}{}
-\DeclareOption{11pt}{}
-\DeclareOption{10pt}{}
-\DeclareOption{oneside}{\@twosidefalse \@mparswitchfalse}
-\DeclareOption{twoside}{\@twosidetrue  \@mparswitchtrue}
-\@twocolumnfalse
-\DeclareOption{onecolumn}{\@twocolumnfalse\@TwoColumnfalse}
-\DeclareOption{twocolumn}{\@twocolumntrue\@TwoColumntrue}
-\newif\if@narrowdisplay
-\@narrowdisplayfalse
-\DeclareOption{narrowdisplay}{\@narrowdisplaytrue}
-\newif\if@draft\@draftfalse
-\DeclareOption{draft}{%
-  \@drafttrue
-  \overfullrule 5\p@                  % to indicate overfull boxes
-}
-\DeclareOption{final}{%
-  \@draftfalse
-  \overfullrule \z@
-}
-\let\snm\relax \let\cty\relax \let\cny\relax\let\jr\relax
-\newif\if@ussrhead \@ussrheadfalse
-\DeclareOption{ussrhead}{\@ussrheadtrue}
-\@seceqnfalse                             % Default: equation numbering is not
-\DeclareOption{seceqn}{\@seceqntrue}      % reset at beginning of each section
-\@secthmfalse
-\DeclareOption{secthm}{\@secthmtrue}
-\@nameyearfalse
-\DeclareOption{nameyear}{\@nameyeartrue}
-\def\@blstr{1}
-\DeclareOption{doublespacing}{\def\@blstr{1.7}}
-\DeclareOption{reviewcopy}{\def\@blstr{1.7}}
-\newif\if@symbold\@symboldfalse
-\DeclareOption{symbold}{\@symboldtrue}
-\newif\if@amsthm\@amsthmfalse
-\DeclareOption{amsthm}{\@amsthmtrue}
- \ExecuteOptions{oneside}
- \ExecuteOptions{onecolumn,final}
-\ProcessOptions
-\if@TwoColumn\@narrowdisplayfalse\fi
-\if@draft\else\@narrowdisplayfalse\fi
-\def\@pagenumprefix{}
-\def\author@font{}
-\def\partname{Part}
-\def\appendixname{Appendix}
-\def\contentsname{Contents}
-\def\listfigurename{List of Figures}
-\def\listtablename{List of Tables}
-\def\refname{References}
-\def\indexname{Index}
-\def\figurename{Fig.}
-\def\tablename{Table}
-\def\abstractname{Abstract}
-\lineskip 1\p@
-\normallineskip 1\p@
-\def\baselinestretch{1}
-\frenchspacing
-\def\cropwidth{297mm}
-\def\cropheight{210mm}
-\def\cropleft{0mm}
-\def\croptop{0mm}
-\def\FullCopyrightText{}
+ \LoadClass[twocolumn]{elsart}
+%%%%
+\def\@issn{0304-8853}
+\def\refname{\noindent\bfseries References}
 \def\copyrightholder#1{\def\@copyrightholder{#1}}
 \newdimen\@frontmatterwidth
 \def\@overtitleskip{69\p@}
@@ -106,16 +72,16 @@
 \def\@overkeywordskip{12\p@}
 \def\@overabstractskip{8\p@}
 \def\@overcaptionskip{8\p@}
-\def\@preabstractskip{24\p@ \@plus 6\p@ \@minus 3\p@}
-\def\@belowfmskip{18\p@}
+\def\@preabstractskip{20\p@ \@plus 6\p@ \@minus 3\p@}
+%%\def\@belowfmskip{17\p@}
+\def\@belowfmskip{25\p@}
 \def\@bibliosize{\small}
 \def\@historysize{\small}
 \def\@keywordsize{\small}
 \def\@overaddressskip{2pt}
 \def\@titlesize{\Large\bfseries}
-\def\@bibitemsep{0.3\@bls \@plus 0.1\@bls \@minus 0.1\@bls}
 \def\@authorsize{\large}
-\def\@keywordheading{{\it Key words: \ }}
+\def\@keywordheading{{\it{Keywords:} \ }}
 \def\@addressstyle{\small\itshape}
 \def\@captionsize{\small}
 \def\@tablecaptionsize{\@captionsize}
@@ -127,19 +93,18 @@
 \def\@secnumfont#1{\upshape}
 \def\@catchlinesize{\footnotesize}
 \def\@runheadsize{\normalsize}
-\def\@narrowdisplaywidth{259pt}
 \def\etal{et al.}
 \def\AND{\&}
 \def\@Colofonheight{1cm}
-\def\@abstractsize{\fontsize{\@ixpt}{11pt}\selectfont}
-\def\@articletypesize{\fontsize{\@xiiipt}{13pt}\selectfont}
-\def\normalsize{\@setfontsize\normalsize\@xiipt{14.5}%
+\def\@abstractsize{\fontsize{\@viipt}{9.6pt}\selectfont}
+\def\@articletypesize{\fontsize{\@ixpt}{11.5pt}\selectfont}
+\def\normalsize{\@setfontsize\normalsize\@viiipt{10.5}%
 \abovedisplayskip 12\p@ \@plus 2\p@ \@minus 2\p@%
 \belowdisplayskip \abovedisplayskip
 \abovedisplayshortskip \z@ \@plus 2\p@%
 \belowdisplayshortskip 3.5\p@ \@plus 2\p@ \@minus 2\p@
 \let\@listi\@listI}
-\def\small{\@setfontsize\small\@xipt{13.6}%
+\def\smalla{\@setfontsize\smalla\@xipt{13.6}%
 \abovedisplayskip 11\p@ \@plus3\p@ minus6\p@
 \belowdisplayskip \abovedisplayskip
 \abovedisplayshortskip  \z@ \@plus3\p@
@@ -151,87 +116,39 @@
 \let\@xviiipt\@xviipt
 \def\scriptsize{\@setfontsize\scriptsize\@viiipt{9.5}}
 \def\tiny{\@setfontsize\tiny\@vipt{7}}
-\def\large{\@setfontsize\large\@xivpt{18}}
-\def\Large{\@setfontsize\Large\@xviipt{22}}
+\def\@xiii{13}
+\def\large{\@setfontsize\large\@xpt{13}}
+\def\largee{\@setfontsize\large\@xivpt{14}}
+\def\Large{\@setfontsize\Large\@xiiipt{17.3}}
 \def\LARGE{\@setfontsize\LARGE\@xxpt{22}}
 \def\huge{\@setfontsize\huge\@xxvpt{27}}
+\def\arttitle#1{\gdef\@arttitle{#1}}   \def\@arttitle{}
 \let\Huge=\huge
-\normalsize                                % Choose the normalsize font.
-\newdimen\@bls                              % Several dimensions are
-\@bls=\baselineskip                         % expressed in terms of this.
-\if@twoside                 % Values for two-sided printing:
-   \oddsidemargin   20\p@    %   Left margin on odd-numbered pages.
-   \evensidemargin  20\p@    %   Left margin on even-numbered pages.
-   \marginparwidth  10\p@    %   \@Width of marginal notes.
-\else                       % Values for one-sided printing:
-   \oddsidemargin   20\p@    %   Left margin on odd-numbered pages.
-   \evensidemargin  20\p@    %   Left margin on even-numbered pages.
-   \marginparwidth   2pc
-\fi
-\marginparsep 20\p@          % Horizontal space between outer margin and
-                            % marginal note
-\topmargin \z@           %    Nominal distance from top of page to top of
-                         %    box containing running head.
-\headheight  \z@         %    \@Height of box containing running head.
-\headsep     \z@         %    Space between running head and text.
- \footskip 40\p@
-\bigskipamount=\@bls \@plus 0.3\@bls \@minus 0.3\@bls % 1/1 line
-\medskipamount=0.5\bigskipamount                  % 1/2 line
-\smallskipamount=0.25\bigskipamount               % 1/4 line
-\@tempdima=651pt \advance\@tempdima -\topskip \@tempcnta=\@tempdima
-\@tempdimb=\@blstr\@bls \@tempcntb=\@tempdimb
-\divide\@tempcnta\@tempcntb
-\textheight\@tempdimb \multiply\textheight\@tempcnta
-\advance\textheight\topskip
-\textwidth 33pc              % \@Width of text line.
-                             % For two-column mode:
- \columnsep 2pc               %   Space between columns
-\columnseprule \z@           %   \@Width of rule between columns.
- \footnotesep 8.4\p@
-\skip\footins 12\p@ \@plus  8\p@          % Space between last line of text and
-                                      % top of first footnote.
-\floatsep 8\p@ \@plus 4\p@ \@minus 2\p@ % Space between adjacent floats moved
-                                         % to top or bottom of text page.
-\textfloatsep 8\p@ \@plus 4\p@ \@minus 2\p@ % Space between main text and floats
-                                         % at top or bottom of page.
-\intextsep 8\p@ \@plus 4\p@ \@minus 2\p@ % Space between in-text figures and
-                                         % text.
-\dblfloatsep      8\p@ \@plus 4\p@ \@minus 4\p@ % Same as \floatsep for double-column
-                                         % figures in two-column mode.
-\dbltextfloatsep 12\p@ \@plus 4\p@ \@minus 4\p@ % \textfloatsep for double-column
-                                         % floats.
-\@fptop \z@ \@plus 1fil    % Stretch at top of float page/column. (Must be
-                         % \z@ \@plus ...)
-\@fpsep 8\p@ \@plus 2fil    % Space between floats on float page/column.
-\@fpbot \z@ \@plus 1fil    % Stretch at bottom of float page/column. (Must be
-                         % \z@ \@plus ... )
-\@dblfptop \z@ \@plus 1fil % Stretch at top of float page. (Must be \z@ \@plus ...)
-\@dblfpsep 8\p@ \@plus 2fil % Space between floats on float page.
-\@dblfpbot \z@ \@plus 1fil % Stretch at bottom of float page. (Must be
-                         % \z@ \@plus ... )
-\marginparpush 5\p@       % Minimum vertical separation between two marginal
-                         % notes.
-\parskip 1pc \@plus 1\p@          % Extra vertical space between paragraphs.
-\parindent \z@                     % Indentation of each paragraph.
-\newskip\eqntopsep                    % Extra vertical space, in addition to
- \eqntopsep 12\p@ \@plus 2\p@ \@minus 2\p@ %\parskip, added above and below
-\newdimen\eqnarraycolsep            % Half the space between columns
-\eqnarraycolsep 1\p@                 % in an \eqnarray.
-\@lowpenalty   51      % Produced by \nopagebreak[1] or \nolinebreak[1]
-\@medpenalty  151      % Produced by \nopagebreak[2] or \nolinebreak[2]
-\@highpenalty 301      % Produced by \nopagebreak[3] or \nolinebreak[3]
-\@beginparpenalty -\@lowpenalty    % Before a list or paragraph environment.
-\@endparpenalty   -\@lowpenalty    % After a list or paragraph environment.
-\@itempenalty     -\@lowpenalty    % Between list items.
-\def\section{\@startsection{section}{1}{\z@}{1.5\@bls
-  \@plus .4\@bls \@minus .1\@bls}{\@bls}{\normalsize\bfseries}}
-\def\subsection{\@startsection{subsection}{2}{\z@}{\@bls
-  \@plus .3\@bls \@minus .1\@bls}{\@bls}{\normalsize\itshape}}
-\def\subsubsection{\@startsection{subsubsection}{3}{\z@}{\@bls
-  \@plus .2\@bls}{0.0001pt}{\normalsize\itshape}}
-\def\paragraph{\@startsection{paragraph}{4}{\z@}{3.25ex \@plus
-  2ex \@minus 0.2ex}{-1em}{\normalsize\bfseries}}
-\setcounter{secnumdepth}{4}
+%%
+%%TOC%%
+\def\@pnumwidth{1.5em}
+\def\@tocrmarg{2.55em plus 5em}
+% trick to let \@dottedtocline produce no dots at all
+\def\@dotsep{2} %to get dots dotsep changed from -2.5 to 2 to get dotfill in tableofcontents
+% SP 94-3-25:
+\setcounter{tocdepth}{3}
+%
+%
+% TABLEOFCONTENTS
+\def\tableofcontents{%
+  \section*{\contentsname}%
+  \@starttoc{toc}}
+%
+\def\l@section{\@dottedtocline{1}{0.0em}{1.40em}}
+\def\l@subsection{\@dottedtocline{2}{1.41em}{2.24em}}
+\def\l@subsubsection{\@dottedtocline{3}{3.75em}{3.09em}}
+\def\l@subsubsubsection{\@dottedtocline{3}{2.24em}{3.09em}}
+  \def\lb@empty@subsubsubsection{\thesubsubsubsection}
+%\newcommand*\l@paragraph{\@dottedtocline{4}{7.0em}{4.1em}}
+%\newcommand*\l@subparagraph{\@dottedtocline{5}{10em}{5em}}
+%%
+\setcounter{secnumdepth}{5}
+%%
 \def\half@em{\hskip 0.5em}
 \def\lb@part{PART \thepart.\half@em}
   \def\lb@empty@part{PART \thepart}
@@ -241,87 +158,19 @@
   \def\lb@empty@subsection{\thesubsection}
 \def\lb@subsubsection{\thesubsubsection.\half@em}
   \def\lb@empty@subsubsection{\thesubsubsection}
+\def\lb@subsubsubsection{\thesubsubsubsection.\half@em}
+  \def\lb@empty@subsubsubsection{\thesubsubsubsection}
 \def\lb@paragraph{\theparagraph.\half@em}
   \def\lb@empty@paragraph{\theparagraph}
 \def\lb@subparagraph{\thesubparagraph.\half@em}
   \def\lb@empty@subparagraph{\thesubparagraph}
+%
 \def\head@format#1#2{#2}
 \def\head@style{\interlinepenalty\@M
   \hyphenpenalty\@M \exhyphenpenalty\@M
-  \rightskip \z@ \@plus 0.5\hsize \relax
+  \rightskip 0pt \@plus 0.5\hsize \relax
   }
-\def\app@number#1{\setcounter{#1}{0}%
-  \@addtoreset{#1}{section}%
-  \@namedef{the#1}{\thesection.\arabic{#1}}}
-\def\appendix{\@ifstar{\appendix@star}{\appendix@nostar}}
-\def\appendix@nostar{%
-  \def\lb@section{\appendixname\ \thesection.\half@em}
-  \def\lb@empty@section{\appendixname\ \thesection}
-  \setcounter{section}{0}\def\thesection{\Alph{section}}%
-  \setcounter{subsection}{0}%
-  \setcounter{subsubsection}{0}%
-  \setcounter{paragraph}{0}%
-  \app@number{equation}\app@number{figure}\app@number{table}}
-\def\appendix@star{%
-  \def\lb@section{\appendixname}\let\lb@empty@section\lb@section
-  \setcounter{section}{0}\def\thesection{\Alph{section}}%
-  \setcounter{subsection}{0}%
-  \setcounter{subsubsection}{0}%
-  \setcounter{paragraph}{0}%
-  \app@number{equation}\app@number{figure}\app@number{table}}
-\def\ack{\section*{Acknowledgements}%
-  \addtocontents{toc}{\protect\vspace{6pt}}%
-  \addcontentsline{toc}{section}{Acknowledgements}%
-}
-\@namedef{ack*}{\par\vskip 3.0ex \@plus 1.0ex \@minus 1.0ex}
-\let\endack\par
-\@namedef{endack*}{\par}
-\newdimen\labelwidthi
-\newdimen\labelwidthii
-\newdimen\labelwidthiii
-\newdimen\labelwidthiv
-\def\normal@labelsep{0.5em}
-\labelsep\normal@labelsep
-\settowidth{\labelwidthi}{(iii)}
-\settowidth{\labelwidthii}{(d)}
-\settowidth{\labelwidthiii}{(iii)}
-\settowidth{\labelwidthiv}{(M)}
-\leftmargini\labelwidthi    \advance\leftmargini\labelsep
-\leftmarginii\labelwidthii  \advance\leftmarginii\labelsep
-\leftmarginiii\labelwidthiii \advance\leftmarginiii\labelsep
-\leftmarginiv\labelwidthiv  \advance\leftmarginiv\labelsep
-\def\setleftmargin#1#2{\settowidth{\@tempdima}{#2}\labelsep\normal@labelsep
-  \csname labelwidth#1\endcsname\@tempdima
-  \@tempdimb\@tempdima \advance\@tempdimb\labelsep
-  \csname leftmargin#1\endcsname\@tempdimb}
-\def\@listI{\leftmargin\leftmargini
-  \labelwidth\labelwidthi \labelsep\normal@labelsep
-  \topsep \z@ \partopsep\z@ \parsep\z@ \itemsep\z@
-  \listparindent 1em}
-\def\@listii{\leftmargin\leftmarginii
-  \labelwidth\labelwidthii \labelsep\normal@labelsep
-  \topsep\z@ \partopsep\z@ \parsep\z@ \itemsep\z@
-  \listparindent 1em}
-\def\@listiii{\leftmargin\leftmarginiii
-  \labelwidth\labelwidthiii \labelsep\normal@labelsep
-  \topsep\z@ \partopsep\z@ \parsep\z@ \itemsep\z@
-  \listparindent 1em}
-\def\@listiv{\leftmargin\leftmarginiv
-  \labelwidth\labelwidthiv \labelsep\normal@labelsep
-  \topsep\z@ \partopsep\z@ \parsep\z@ \itemsep\z@
-  \listparindent 1em}
-\let\@listi\@listI
-\@listi
-\def\left@label#1{{#1}\hss}
-\def\right@label#1{\hss\llap{#1}}
-\def\thick@label#1{\hspace\labelsep #1}
-\newcount\@maxlistdepth
-\@maxlistdepth=4
-\def\labelitemi{$\bullet$}          \def\labelitemii{$\cdot$}
-\def\labelenumi{(\theenumi)}        \def\theenumi{\arabic{enumi}}
-\def\labelenumii{(\alph{enumii})}   \def\theenumii{\theenumi\alph{enumii}}
-\def\labelenumiii{(\roman{enumiii})}\def\theenumiii{\theenumii.\roman{enumiii}}
-\def\labelenumiv{(\Alph{enumiv})}   \def\theenumiv{\theenumiii.\Alph{enumiv}}
+%%%
 \def\enumerate{%
   \ifnum \@enumdepth >\@maxlistdepth
     \@toodeep
@@ -332,251 +181,53 @@
        {\usecounter{\@enumctr}
        \let\makelabel=\right@label}
   \fi}
+% \let\endenumerate=\endlist
+%
+\newcounter{itemizecount}
+\setcounter{itemizecount}{0}
+\newcounter{enditemizecount}
+\setcounter{enditemizecount}{0}
+\newcounter{subsubsubsection}[subsubsection]
 \def\itemize{%
+\addtocounter{itemizecount}{1}
+\ifnum\theitemizecount>1
+{}
+\else
+\vspace*{6pt}
+\fi
   \ifnum \@itemdepth >\@maxlistdepth
     \@toodeep
   \else
     \advance\@itemdepth \@ne
     \edef\@itemitem{labelitem\romannumeral\the\@itemdepth}%
-     \setleftmargin{i}{--}%
-     \setleftmargin{ii}{$\cdot$}%
+   \setleftmargin{i}{--.}%
+   \setleftmargin{ii}{$\cdot$iiii.}%
     \list{\csname\@itemitem\endcsname}%
        {\let\makelabel\right@label}
-  \fi}
-\def\verse{\let\\=\@centercr
-  \list{}{\itemsep\z@
-  \itemindent \z@
-  \listparindent\z@
-  \rightmargin 1em
-  \leftmargin \rightmargin}\item[]}
-\let\endverse\endlist
-\def\quotation{\list{}{\itemindent\z@
- \leftmargin 1em \rightmargin \z@
-  \parsep \z@ \@plus 1pt}\item[]}
-\let\endquotation=\endlist
-\def\quote{\list{}{\itemindent\z@
-   \leftmargin 1em \rightmargin \z@}%
-\item[]}
-\let\endquote=\endlist
-\def\descriptionlabel#1{\hspace\labelsep \bfseries #1}
-\def\description{\list{}{\labelwidth\z@
-  \leftmargin 1em \itemindent-\leftmargin
-  \let\makelabel\descriptionlabel}}
-\let\enddescription\endlist
-\def\@atfmtname{atlplain}
-\ifx\fmtname\@atfmtname
- \def\neq{\not\nobreak\mkern -2mu =}%
- \let\ne\neq
 \fi
-\def\operatorname#1{\mathop{\mathrm{#1}}\nolimits}
-\def\lefteqn#1{\hbox to\z@{$\displaystyle {#1}$\hss}}
-\newskip\eqnbaselineskip % Standard interline spacing in an {eqnarray}
-\jot=2\p@
-\newskip\eqnlineskip     % Minimal space between the bottom of
-                         % a line and the top of the next line.
-\eqnbaselineskip=14\p@  \eqnlineskip=2\p@
-\newdimen\mathindent
-\if@TwoColumn
-  \mathindent 0em
-\else
-  \mathindent 2em
-\fi
-\if@narrowdisplay
-  \def\calcmathindent{%
-    \mathindent\linewidth\relax
-    \advance\mathindent-\@narrowdisplaywidth}
-\else
-  \let\calcmathindent\relax
-\fi
-\def\[{\relax\ifmmode\@badmath
-  \else%\bgroup removed on request from BW (1993-05-17)
-  \@beginparpenalty\predisplaypenalty
-  \@endparpenalty\postdisplaypenalty
-\calcmathindent
-  \begin{trivlist}\@topsep \eqntopsep       % used by first \item
-   \@topsepadd \eqntopsep                   % used by \@endparenv
-  \item[]\leavevmode
-   \hbox to\linewidth\bgroup$ \displaystyle
-  \hskip\mathindent\bgroup\fi}
-\def\]{\relax\ifmmode \egroup $\hfil \egroup
-  \end{trivlist}% \egroup removed on request from BW (1993-05-17)
-  \else \@badmath \fi}
-\def\equation{\@beginparpenalty\predisplaypenalty
-  \@endparpenalty\postdisplaypenalty
-  \refstepcounter{equation}\trivlist
-  \@topsep \eqntopsep                      % used by first \item
-  \@topsepadd \eqntopsep                   % used by \@endparenv
-\calcmathindent
-  \item[]\leavevmode
-   \hbox to\linewidth\bgroup $ \displaystyle \hskip\mathindent\bgroup}
-\def\endequation{\egroup$\hfil \displaywidth\linewidth
-  \@eqnnum\egroup \endtrivlist}
-\def\eqnarray{%
-  \par                                               %BW
-  \noindent                                          %BW
-  \baselineskip\eqnbaselineskip\lineskip\eqnlineskip %BW
-  \lineskiplimit\eqnlineskip                         %BW
-\calcmathindent
-  \stepcounter{equation}%
-  \let\@currentlabel=\theequation
-  \global\@eqnswtrue
-  \global\@eqcnt\z@
-  \tabskip\mathindent
-  \let\\=\@eqncr
-  \abovedisplayskip\eqntopsep\ifvmode\advance\abovedisplayskip\partopsep\fi
-  \belowdisplayskip\abovedisplayskip
-  \belowdisplayshortskip\abovedisplayskip
-  \abovedisplayshortskip\abovedisplayskip
-  $$\halign to \displaywidth\bgroup\@eqnsel
-    \pre@coli$\displaystyle\tabskip\z@{##}$\post@coli
-    &\global\@eqcnt\@ne
-    \pre@colii$\displaystyle{##}$\post@colii
-    &\global\@eqcnt\tw@
-    \pre@coliii $\displaystyle\tabskip\z@{##}$\post@coliii
-    \tabskip\@centering&\llap{##}\tabskip\z@\cr
 }
-\def\endeqnarray{\@@eqncr\egroup
- \global\advance\c@equation\m@ne$$\global\@ignoretrue }
-\def\pre@coli{\hskip\@centering}              \def\post@coli{}
-\def\pre@colii{\hskip 2\eqnarraycolsep \hfil} \def\post@colii{\hfil}
-\def\pre@coliii{\hskip 2\eqnarraycolsep}      \def\post@coliii{\hfil}
-\arraycolsep 2\p@         % Half the space between columns in array environment.
-\tabcolsep 6\p@           % idem in tabular environment.
-\def\arraystretch{1.5}   % More vertical space in tables
-\arrayrulewidth 0.4\p@    % \@Width of rules and space between adjacent
-\doublerulesep 2\p@       % rules in any of these two environments.
-\newdimen\rulepreskip \newdimen\rulepostskip
-\rulepreskip=4\p@      \rulepostskip=6\p@
-\tabbingsep \labelsep   % Space used by the \' command.  (See LaTeX{} manual.)
-\skip\@mpfootins = 6\p@ \@plus 2\p@   % Space between last line of text and
-                                  % top of first footnote.
-\fboxsep = 7\p@    % Space left between box and text by \fbox and \framebox.
-\fboxrule = 0.4\p@ % \@Width of rules in box made by \fbox and \framebox.
-\newcounter{section}
-\newcounter{subsection}[section]
-\newcounter{subsubsection}[subsection]
-\newcounter{paragraph}[subsubsection]
-\newcounter{subparagraph}[paragraph]
-\if@seceqn
- \@addtoreset{equation}{section}
- \def\theequation{\arabic{section}.\arabic{equation}}
+\def\enditemize{\setcounter{itemizecount}{0}
+\addtocounter{enditemizecount}{1}
+\ifnum\theenditemizecount>1
+\vskip 0pt
 \else
-  \def\theequation{\arabic{equation}}
-\fi
+\vskip 6pt\fi\par}
+%%
 \def\thesection      {\arabic{section}}
 \def\thesubsection   {\thesection.\arabic{subsection}}
 \def\thesubsubsection{\thesubsection.\arabic{subsubsection}}
-\def\theparagraph    {\thesubsubsection.\arabic{paragraph}}
-\def\thesubparagraph {\theparagraph.\arabic{subparagraph}}
-\@addtoreset{section}{part} % reset section numbers at beginning of part
-
-\DeclareOldFontCommand{\rm}{\normalfont\rmfamily}{\mathrm}
-\DeclareOldFontCommand{\sf}{\normalfont\sffamily}{\mathsf}
-\DeclareOldFontCommand{\tt}{\normalfont\ttfamily}{\mathtt}
-\DeclareOldFontCommand{\bf}{\normalfont\bfseries}{\mathbf}
-\DeclareOldFontCommand{\it}{\normalfont\itshape}{\mathit}
-\DeclareOldFontCommand{\sl}{\normalfont\slshape}{\@nomath\sl}
-\DeclareOldFontCommand{\sc}{\normalfont\scshape}{\@nomath\sc}
-\DeclareRobustCommand*\cal{\@fontswitch\relax\mathcal}
-\DeclareRobustCommand*\mit{\@fontswitch\relax\mathnormal}
-\RequirePackage{latexsym}
-\def\qed{\relax\ifmmode\hskip2em \Box\else\unskip\nobreak\hskip1em $\Box$\fi}
-\def\proof@headerfont{\upshape\bfseries}
-\if@amsthm
-  \RequirePackage{amsthm}%
-  \def\th@plain{%
-    \thm@preskip\parskip
-    \thm@postskip\z@
-    \itshape % body font
-  }
-  \def\th@definition{%
-    \thm@preskip\parskip
-    \thm@postskip\z@
-    \normalfont % body font
-  }
-  \def\th@remark{%
-    \thm@headfont{\itshape}%
-    \normalfont % body font
-    \thm@preskip\parskip \divide\thm@preskip\tw@
-    \thm@postskip\z@
-  }
-\else\let\theoremstyle\@gobble\fi
-\newenvironment{pf}%
-  {\par\addvspace{\@bls \@plus 0.5\@bls \@minus 0.1\@bls}\noindent
-   {\bfseries\Elproofname}\enspace\ignorespaces}%
-  {\par\addvspace{\@bls \@plus 0.5\@bls \@minus 0.1\@bls}}
-\def\Elproofname{PROOF.}
-\@namedef{pf*}#1{\par\begingroup\def\Elproofname{#1}\pf\endgroup\ignorespaces}
-\expandafter\let\csname endpf*\endcsname=\endpf
-\theoremstyle{plain}
-\if@secthm
-  \newtheorem{thm}{Theorem}[section]
-  \@addtoreset{thm}{section}
-\else
-  \newtheorem{thm}{Theorem}
-\fi
-\newtheorem{cor}[thm]{Corollary}
-\newtheorem{lem}[thm]{Lemma}
-\newtheorem{claim}[thm]{Claim}
-\newtheorem{axiom}[thm]{Axiom}
-\newtheorem{conj}[thm]{Conjecture}
-\newtheorem{fact}[thm]{Fact}
-\newtheorem{hypo}[thm]{Hypothesis}
-\newtheorem{assum}[thm]{Assumption}
-\newtheorem{prop}[thm]{Proposition}
-\newtheorem{crit}[thm]{Criterion}
-\theoremstyle{definition}
-\newtheorem{defn}[thm]{Definition}
-\newtheorem{exmp}[thm]{Example}
-\newtheorem{rem}[thm]{Remark}
-\newtheorem{prob}[thm]{Problem}
-\newtheorem{prin}[thm]{Principle}
-\newtheorem{alg}{Algorithm}
-\long\def\@makealgocaption#1#2{\vskip 2ex \small
-  \hbox to \hsize{\parbox[t]{\hsize}{{\bfseries #1.} #2}}}
-\newcounter{algorithm}
-\def\thealgorithm{\@arabic\c@algorithm}
-\def\fps@algorithm{tbp}
-\def\ftype@algorithm{4}
-\def\ext@algorithm{lof}
-\def\fnum@algorithm{Algorithm \thealgorithm}
-\def\algorithm{\let\@makecaption\@makealgocaption\@float{algorithm}}
-\let\endalgorithm\end@float
-\newtheorem{note}{Note}
-\newtheorem{summ}{Summary}
-\newtheorem{case}{Case}
-\def\@pnumwidth{2.55em}
-\def\@tocrmarg{2.55em \@plus 5em}
-\def\@dotsep{-2.5}
-\setcounter{tocdepth}{2}
-\newcommand\listoffigures{%
-    \section*{\listfigurename
-      \@mkboth{\MakeUppercase\listfigurename}%
-              {\MakeUppercase\listfigurename}}%
-    \@starttoc{lof}%
-    }
-\newcommand*\l@figure{\@dottedtocline{1}{1.5em}{2.3em}}
-\newcommand\listoftables{%
-    \section*{\listtablename
-      \@mkboth{%
-          \MakeUppercase\listtablename}{\MakeUppercase\listtablename}}%
-    \@starttoc{lot}%
-    }
-\let\l@table\l@figure
-\def\tableofcontents{%
-  \begin{small}
-  \leftline {{\bfseries \contentsname\/}}
-  \setcounter{secnumdepth}{4}%
-  \setcounter{tocdepth}{2}%
-  {\@starttoc{toc}}%
-\end{small}
-}
-\newcommand*\l@section{\@dottedtocline{1}{1.5em}{2.3em}}
-\newcommand*\l@subsection{\@dottedtocline{2}{1.5em}{2.3em}}
-\newcommand*\l@subsubsection{\@dottedtocline{3}{3.8em}{3.2em}}
-\newcommand*\l@paragraph{\@dottedtocline{4}{7.0em}{4.1em}}
-\newcommand*\l@subparagraph{\@dottedtocline{5}{10em}{5em}}
-\def\@dotsep{2000}
+\def\thesubsubsubsection{\thesubsubsection.\arabic{subsubsubsection}}
+%%%%%%%%
+\def\tfnr#1{$^{\rm #1}$}
+\def\tfn#1{\par\quad$^{\rm #1}$}
+\def\legend#1{\small\par #1}
+%%%%%%%%%
+%%%
+\def\quote{\list{}{\itemindent\z@
+  \@topsep \eqntopsep
+  \leftmargin 1pc \rightmargin 0em}\item[]}
+\let\endquote=\endlist
+%%%
 \def\thebibliography{%
   \@startsection{section}{1}{\z@}{20\p@ \@plus 8\p@ \@minus 4pt}
   {\@bls}{\normalsize\bfseries}*{\refname}%
@@ -589,355 +240,21 @@
     \labelwidth\z@ \labelsep\z@ \leftmargin\parindent
     \itemindent-\parindent
   \else
-    \labelsep 3\p@ \itemindent\z@
+    \labelsep 3pt \itemindent\z@
     \leftmargin\labelwidth \advance\leftmargin\labelsep
 \fi
-\itemsep\@bibitemsep
+    \itemsep 0pt plus 0.5pt minus 0.5pt
     \usecounter{enumiv}\let\p@enumiv\@empty
     \def\theenumiv{\arabic{enumiv}}}%
-    \tolerance\@M
-   \hyphenpenalty\@M
-     \hbadness5000 \sfcode`\.=1000\relax}
-\newcommand\newblock{\hskip .11em\@plus.33em\@minus.07em}
-\if@nameyear
-  \def\@biblabel#1{}
-\else
- \def\@biblabel#1{[#1]\hskip \z@ \@plus 1filll}
-\fi
-\let\make@bb@error\relax
-\def\@mkbberr{\def\bibitem{\ClassError{elsart}%
-    {Bibitem after note}%
-    {You are using a bibitem after a note in a subbibitems
-      environment;\MessageBreak
-      note should the last item in a subbibitems environment}}}
-\def\@itemnote{\make@bb@error\item[]}
-\def\mk@noitemnote{\ifx\@tempa\note \let\note\@noitemnote \fi}
-\def\@noitemnote{\let\note\@itemnote}
-\AtBeginDocument{%
-  \let\nopeek@bibitem\@bibitem
-  \let\nopeek@lbibitem\@lbibitem
-  \def\@bibitem#1{\let\note\@itemnote\nopeek@bibitem{#1}%
-    \futurelet\@tempa\mk@noitemnote}
-  \def\@lbibitem[#1]#2{\let\note\@itemnote\nopeek@lbibitem[#1]{#2}%
-    \futurelet\@tempa\mk@noitemnote}
-}
-\newif\if@natbibloaded\@natbibloadedfalse
-\AtBeginDocument{\@ifpackageloaded{natbib}{\@natbibloadedtrue}{}}
-\newenvironment{subbibitems}[1]{%
-  \if@natbibloaded\def\bib@ctr{NAT@ctr}\else\def\bib@ctr{enumiv}\fi
-  \if@filesw {\let \protect \noexpand \immediate \write \@auxout
-    {\string \nocollapse@cites}%
-    \global\let\nocollapse@cites\relax}\fi
-  \def\@itemslabel{#1}%
-  \stepcounter{\bib@ctr}%
-  \edef\main@bibnum{\the\value{\bib@ctr}}%
-  \setcounter{\bib@ctr}{0}%
-  \def\thebib@ctr{\main@bibnum\alph{\bib@ctr}}%
-  \if@natbibloaded
-    \def\bibitem{\@ifnextchar [{\@lbibitem }{\global \NAT@stdbsttrue
-        \stepcounter {\bib@ctr}\@lbibitem [\thebib@ctr]}}%
-  \else
-    \def\@bibitem##1{\stepcounter{\bib@ctr}\@lbibitem[\thebib@ctr]{##1}}%
-  \fi
-  \let\make@bb@error\@mkbberr
-}{%
-  \if@filesw {%
-    \if@natbibloaded{%
-      \let\protect\noexpand
-      \immediate\write\@auxout {\string\bibcite{\@itemslabel}%
-        {{\main@bibnum a--\alph {\bib@ctr}}{}{{}}{{}}}}%
-      \immediate\write\@auxout {\string\bibcite{\@itemslabel :s}%
-        {{\main@bibnum}{}{{}}{{}}}}%
-    }\else{%
-      \let\protect\noexpand
-      \immediate\write\@auxout {\string\bibcite{\@itemslabel}%
-        {\main@bibnum a--\alph{\bib@ctr}}}%
-      \immediate\write\@auxout {\string\bibcite{\@itemslabel :s}%
-        {\main@bibnum}}%
-    }\fi
-  }\fi
-  \setcounter{\bib@ctr}{\main@bibnum}%
-}
-\let\nocollapse@citex\@citex
-\newcount\@tempcntc
-\def\collapse@citex[#1]#2{\if@filesw\immediate\write\@auxout{\string\citation{#2}}\fi
- \@tempcnta\z@\@tempcntb\m@ne\def\@citea{}\@cite{\@for\@citeb:=#2\do
-  {\edef\@citeb{\expandafter\@firstofone\@citeb\@empty}%
-   \@ifundefined
-   {b@\@citeb}{\@citeo\@tempcntb\m@ne\@citea\def\@citea{,}{\bfseries ?}\@warning
-   {Citation `\@citeb' on page \thepage \space undefined}}%
-  {\setbox\z@\hbox{\global\@tempcntc0\csname b@\@citeb\endcsname\relax}%
-   \ifnum\@tempcntc=\z@ \@citeo\@tempcntb\m@ne
-    \@citea\def\@citea{,}\hbox{\csname b@\@citeb\endcsname}%
-   \else
-    \advance\@tempcntb\@ne
-    \ifnum\@tempcntb=\@tempcntc
-    \else\advance\@tempcntb\m@ne\@citeo
-    \@tempcnta\@tempcntc\@tempcntb\@tempcntc\fi\fi}}\@citeo}{#1}}
-\let\@citex\collapse@citex
-\def\nocollapse@cites{%
-  \@ifpackageloaded{hyperref}{}{\global\let\@citex\nocollapse@citex}%
-  \global\let\nocollapse@cites\relax}
-\def\@citeo{\ifnum\@tempcnta>\@tempcntb\else\@citea\def\@citea{,}%
- \ifnum\@tempcnta=\@tempcntb\the\@tempcnta\else
-  {\advance\@tempcnta\@ne\ifnum\@tempcnta=\@tempcntb \else \def\@citea{--}\fi
-   \advance\@tempcnta\m@ne\the\@tempcnta\@citea\the\@tempcntb}\fi\fi}
-\@namedef{cv*}{\section*{Curriculum Vitae}\cv}
- \def\cv{\hangindent=7pc \hangafter=-12 \parskip\bigskipamount \small}
-\def\footnote{\@ifnextchar[{\@xfootnote}{\refstepcounter
-   {\@mpfn}\protected@xdef\@thefnmark{\thempfn}\@footnotemark\@footnotetext}}
-\def\footnotemark{\@ifnextchar[{\@xfootnotemark
-    }{\refstepcounter{footnote}\xdef\@thefnmark{\thefootnote}\@footnotemark}}
-\def\footnoterule{\kern-3\p@
-  \hrule \@width 3pc               % The \hrule has default \@height of 0.4pt.
-  \kern 2.6\p@}
-\def\thempfootnote{\alph{mpfootnote}}
-\def\mpfootnotemark{%
-  \@ifnextchar[{\@xmpfootnotemark}{\stepcounter{mpfootnote}%
-  \begingroup
-    \let\protect\noexpand
-    \xdef\@thefnmark{\thempfootnote}%
-  \endgroup
-  \@footnotemark}}
-\def\@xmpfootnotemark[#1]{%
-  \begingroup
-    \c@mpfootnote #1\relax
-    \let\protect\noexpand
-    \xdef\@thefnmark{\thempfootnote}%
-  \endgroup
-  \@footnotemark}
-\def\@mpmakefnmark{\,\hbox{$^{\mathrm{\@thefnmark}}$}}
-\long\def\@mpmakefntext#1{\noindent
-                     \hbox{$^{\mathrm{\@thefnmark}}$} #1}
-\def\@iiiminipage#1#2[#3]#4{%
-  \leavevmode
-  \@pboxswfalse
-  \setlength\@tempdima{#4}%
-  \def\@mpargs{{#1}{#2}[#3]{#4}}%
-  \setbox\@tempboxa\vbox\bgroup
-    \color@begingroup
-      \hsize\@tempdima
-      \textwidth\hsize \columnwidth\hsize
-      \@parboxrestore
-      \def\@mpfn{mpfootnote}\def\thempfn{\thempfootnote}\c@mpfootnote\z@
-      \let\@footnotetext\@mpfootnotetext
-      \let\@makefntext\@mpmakefntext
-      \let\@makefnmark\@mpmakefnmark
-      \let\@listdepth\@mplistdepth \@mplistdepth\z@
-      \@minipagerestore\global\@minipagetrue %% \global added 24 May 89
-      \everypar{\global\@minipagefalse\everypar{}}}
-\def\fn@presym{}
-\long\def\@makefntext#1{\noindent\hbox to 1em
-  {$^{\fn@presym\mathrm{\@thefnmark}}$\hss}#1}
-\def\@makefnmark{\,\hbox{$^{\fn@presym\mathrm{\@thefnmark}}$}\,}
-\def\patched@end@dblfloat{%
-  \if@twocolumn
-      \par\vskip\z@skip      %% \par\vskip\z@ added 15 Dec 87
-      \global\@minipagefalse
-      \outer@nobreak
-    \egroup                  %% end of vbox
-    \color@endbox
-    \ifnum\@floatpenalty <\z@
-      \@largefloatcheck
-      \@cons\@dbldeferlist\@currbox
-    \fi
-    \ifnum \@floatpenalty =-\@Mii \@Esphack\fi
-  \else
-    \end@float
-  \fi
-}
-\setcounter{topnumber}{5}
-\def\topfraction{0.99}
-\def\textfraction{0.05}
-\def\floatpagefraction{0.9}
-\setcounter{bottomnumber}{5}
-\def\bottomfraction{0.99}
-\setcounter{totalnumber}{10}
-\def\dbltopfraction{0.99}
-\def\dblfloatpagefraction{0.8}
-\setcounter{dbltopnumber}{5}
-\long\def\@maketablecaption#1#2{\@tablecaptionsize
-    \global \@minipagefalse
-    \hbox to \hsize{\parbox[t]{\hsize}{#1 \\ #2}}}
-\long\def\@makefigurecaption#1#2{\@figurecaptionsize
-  \vskip \@overcaptionskip
-  \setbox\@tempboxa\hbox{#1. #2}
-  \ifdim \wd\@tempboxa >\hsize              % IF longer than one line THEN
-    \unhbox\@tempboxa\par                   %   set as justified paragraph
-  \else                                     % ELSE
-    \global \@minipagefalse
-    \hbox to\hsize{\hfil\box\@tempboxa\hfil}%   center single line.
-  \fi}
-\def\@makecaption{\@makefigurecaption}
-\def\conttablecaption{\par \begingroup \@parboxrestore \normalsize
-  \@makecaption{\fnum@table\,---\,continued}{}\par
-  \vskip-1pc \endgroup}
-\def\contfigurecaption{\vskip-1pc \par \begingroup \@parboxrestore
-  \@captionsize
-  \@makecaption{\fnum@figure\,---\,continued}{}\par
-  \endgroup}
-\newcounter{figure}
-\def\thefigure{\@arabic\c@figure}
-\def\fps@figure{tbp}
-\def\ftype@figure{1}
-\def\ext@figure{lof}
-\def\fnum@figure{\figurename~\thefigure}
-\def\figure{%
- \let\@makecaption\@makefigurecaption
-  \let\contcaption\contfigurecaption \@float{figure}}
-\let\endfigure\end@float
-\@namedef{figure*}{%
- \let\@makecaption\@makefigurecaption
-  \let\contcaption\contfigurecaption \@dblfloat{figure}}
-\@namedef{endfigure*}{\end@dblfloat}
-\newcounter{table}
-\def\thetable{\@arabic\c@table}
-\def\fps@table{tbp}
-\def\ftype@table{2}
-\def\ext@table{lot}
-\def\fnum@table{\tablename~\thetable}
-\let\old@floatboxreset\@floatboxreset
-\def\table{%
-\let\@makecaption\@maketablecaption
-\def\@floatboxreset{%
- \old@floatboxreset
- \@tablesize
-}%
-  \let\footnoterule\relax
-  \let\contcaption\conttablecaption \@float{table}}
-\let\endtable\end@float
-\@namedef{table*}{%
-\let\@makecaption\@maketablecaption
-\def\@floatboxreset{%
- \old@floatboxreset
- \@tablesize
-}%
-  \let\footnoterule\relax
-  \let\contcaption\conttablecaption \@dblfloat{table}}
-\@namedef{endtable*}{\end@dblfloat}
-\newtoks\t@glob@notes             % List of all notes
-\newtoks\t@loc@notes              % List of notes for one element
-\newcount\note@cnt                % Number of notes per element
-\newtoks\corauth@text
-\newtoks\email@text
-\newtoks\url@text
-\newcounter{corauth}
-\newcounter{author}               % Author counter
-\newcount\n@author                % Total number of authors
-\def\n@author@{1}                  % idem, read from .aux file
-\newcounter{collab}               % Collaboration counter
-\newcount\n@collab                % Total number of collaborations
-\def\n@collab@{}                  % idem, read from .aux file
-\newcounter{address}              % Address counter
-\def\theHaddress{\arabic{address}}% for hyperref
-\newdimen\sv@mathsurround         % Dimen register to save \mathsurround
-\newcount\sv@hyphenpenalty        % Count register to save \hyphenpenalty
-\newcount\prev@elem \prev@elem=0  % Variables to keep track of
-\newcount\cur@elem  \cur@elem=0   % types of elements that are processed
-\chardef\e@title=1
-\chardef\e@subtitle=1
-\chardef\e@author=2
-\chardef\e@collab=3
-\chardef\e@address=4
-\newif\if@newelem                 % Switch to new type of element?
-\newif\if@firstauthor             % First author or collaboration?
-\newif\if@preface                 % If preface: omit history and abstract
-\newif\if@hasabstract             % If abstract / keywords: do not omit rules
-\newif\if@haskeywords             % If abstract / keywords: do not omit rules
-\newbox\fm@box                    % Box for collected front matter
-\newdimen\fm@size                 % Total height of \fm@box
-\newbox\t@abstract                % Box for abstract
-\newbox\t@keyword                 % Box for keyword abstract
- \let\report@elt\@gobble
-\def\add@tok#1#2{\global#1\expandafter{\the#1#2}}
-\def\add@xtok#1#2{\begingroup
-  \no@harm
-  \xdef\@act{\global\noexpand#1{\the#1#2}}\@act
-\endgroup}
-\def\beg@elem{\global\t@loc@notes={}\global\note@cnt\z@}
-\def\@xnamedef#1{\expandafter\xdef\csname #1\endcsname}
-\def\no@harm{%
-  \let\\=\relax  \let\rm\relax
-  \let\ss=\relax \let\ae=\relax \let\oe=\relax
-  \let\AE=\relax \let\OE=\relax
-  \let\o=\relax  \let\O=\relax
-  \let\i=\relax  \let\j=\relax
-  \let\aa=\relax \let\AA=\relax
-  \let\l=\relax  \let\L=\relax
-  \let\d=\relax  \let\b=\relax \let\c=\relax
-  \let\bar=\relax
-  \def\protect{\noexpand\protect\noexpand}}
-\def\proc@elem#1#2{\begingroup
-    \no@harm                             % make a few instructions harmless
-    \let\thanksref\@gobble               % remove \thanksref from element
-    \let\corauthref\@gobble
-    \@xnamedef{@#1}{#2}%                 % and store as \@#1
-    \let\thanksref\add@thanksref
-    \let\corauthref\add@thanksref
-    \setbox\@tempboxa\hbox{#2}%
-  \endgroup
-  \prev@elem=\cur@elem                   % keep track of type of previous
-  \cur@elem=\csname e@#1\endcsname       % and current element
-}
-\def\add@thanksref#1{\global\advance\note@cnt\@ne
-  \ifnum\note@cnt>\@ne \add@xtok\t@loc@notes{\note@sep}\fi
-  \add@tok\t@loc@notes{\ref{#1}}}
-\def\note@sep{,}
-\def\thanks{\@ifnextchar[{\@tempswatrue
-  \thanks@optarg}{\@tempswafalse\thanks@optarg[]}}
-\def\thanks@optarg[#1]#2{\refstepcounter{footnote}%
-  \if@tempswa\label{#1}\else\relax\fi
-  \add@tok\t@glob@notes{\footnotetext}%
-  \add@xtok\t@glob@notes{[\the\c@footnote]}%
-  \add@tok\t@glob@notes{{#2}}%
-  \ignorespaces}
-\def\corauth{\@ifnextchar[{\@tempswatrue
-  \corauth@optarg}{\@tempswafalse\corauth@optarg[]}}
+    \def\newblock{\hskip 0.11em plus 0.33em minus -0.07em}
+    \tolerance\@M \hyphenpenalty\@M \hbadness5000 \sfcode`\.=1000\relax}
+%%%
 \def\corauth@optarg[#1]#2{\refstepcounter{corauth}%
   \if@tempswa\label{#1}\else\relax\fi
   \add@tok\corauth@text{\footnotetext}%
   \add@xtok\corauth@text{[\the\c@corauth]}%
-  \add@tok\corauth@text{{#2}}\ignorespaces}
-\newcommand\ead[1][email]{%
-  \add@eadcomma{#1}%
-  \expandafter\ifcase\csname has@ead@#1\endcsname
-  \expandafter\global\expandafter\chardef
-    \csname has@ead@#1\endcsname=1\relax\else
-  \expandafter\global\expandafter\chardef
-    \csname has@ead@#1\endcsname=2\relax\fi
-  \add@ead{#1}%
-}
-\def\add@ead#1#2{%
-  \expandafter\add@tok\csname #1@text\endcsname{\texttt{#2}\ead@au}%
-  \expandafter\add@xtok\csname #1@text\endcsname{{\@author}}%
-  \ignorespaces
-}
-\def\add@eadcomma#1{%
-  \expandafter\ifcase\csname has@ead@#1\endcsname\else
-  \expandafter\add@tok\csname #1@text\endcsname{, }\fi
-}
-\let\@ead@au\@empty
-\def\ead@newau{\ifx\@ead@au\@empty\else\ead@addau\@ead@au
-  \let\@ead@au\@empty\fi}
-\let\ead@endau\ead@newau
-\def\ead@addau#1{ (#1)}
-\def\ead@au#1{\def\@ead@au{#1}}
-\def\email@name{Email address}
-\def\emails@name{Email addresses}
-\chardef\has@ead@email=0
-\def\url@name{URL}
-\def\urls@name{URLs}
-\chardef\has@ead@url=0
-\let\real@refstepcounter\refstepcounter
-\def\footnote{\@ifnextchar[{\@xfootnote}{\real@refstepcounter
-   {\@mpfn}\protected@xdef\@thefnmark{\thempfn}\@footnotemark\@footnotetext}}
-\def\footnotemark{\@ifnextchar[{\@xfootnotemark
-    }{\real@refstepcounter{footnote}\xdef\@thefnmark{\thefootnote}\@footnotemark}}
-\def\footnoterule{\kern-3\p@
-  \hrule \@width 3pc               % The \hrule has default \@height of 0.4pt.
-  \kern 2.6\p@}
- \let\report@elt\@gobble
-\newenvironment{NoHyper}{}{}
+  \add@tok\corauth@text{{Corresponding author. #2}}\ignorespaces}
+%%%
 \def\frontmatter{%
   \NoHyper
   \let\@corresp@note\relax
@@ -952,14 +269,11 @@
   \global\@hasabstractfalse       % Default:  no abstract or keywords
   \global\@haskeywordsfalse       % Default:  no abstract or keywords
   \global\@prefacefalse           %           not preface
-  \ifnum\c@firstpage=\c@lastpage
-    \gdef\@pagerange{\@pagenumprefix\ESpagenumber{firstpage}}
-  \else
-    \gdef\@pagerange{\@pagenumprefix
-   \ESpagenumber{firstpage}--\@pagenumprefix\ESpagenumber{lastpage}}%
-  \fi
- \parskip 4\p@
+% undo AMS re-definitions (if amstex/amsfonts loaded)
+% SP 931128, 94-7-14:
+  \@ifundefined{RIfM@}{}{\undo@AMS}%
   \open@fm \ignorespaces}
+%
 \def\preface{\@prefacetrue}
 \def\endfrontmatter{%
   \ifx\@runauthor\relax
@@ -968,29 +282,36 @@
   \global\n@author=\c@author
   \global\n@collab=\c@collab \@writecount
   \global\@topnum\z@
+\gdef\@pagerange{\@pagenumprefix\@firstpage--\@pagenumprefix\@lastpage}
   \thispagestyle{copyright}%            % Format rest of front matter:
   \if@preface \else                     % IF not preface THEN
   \vskip \@overhistoryskip
-  \history@fmt                          % print history (received, ...)
+\vskip -4pt
+%  \history@fmt                          % print history (received, ...)
   \newcount\c@sv@footnote
   \global\c@sv@footnote=\c@footnote     % save current footnote number
+%\publication@fmt
+%\misc@fmt
+% \dedicated@fmt                        % print dedication
+%\presented@fmt
+%\teaser@fmt
   \if@hasabstract                       % IF abstract/ keywords THEN
-   \vskip \@preabstractskip     % Space above rule
-  \hrule height 0.4\p@                 % Rule above abstract/keywords
-    \vskip 8\p@
-    \unvbox\t@abstract                  % print abstract, if any
+\vskip 12pt
+\hrule height 0.25pt
+%\vskip6.95pt
+\noindent\kern -0.5pt\begin{tabular}{p{11pc}@{\hspace*{-29.75pc}}p{20pc}}
+{\small A\ \,R\ \,T\ \,I\ \,C\ \,L\ \,E\kern10.6pt I\ \,N\ \,F\ \,O}&{\small A\ \,B\ \,S\ \,T\ \,R\ \,A\ \,C\ \,T}\\[-10.9pt]
+\hrule width11.1pc height 0.25pt&\hrule width29.66pc height 0.25pt\\[-12pt]%
+{\history@fmt}
+  {\unvbox\t@keyword}&{\unvbox\t@abstract}\\[-12pt]
+  \hrule width11.1pc height 0.25pt&\hrule width29.66pc height 0.25pt
+\end{tabular}                  % Keyword abstract, if any
+    \vskip 14pt
   \fi
-  \if@haskeywords                       % IF keywords THEN
-    \vskip \@overkeywordskip
-    \unvbox\t@keyword                   % Keyword abstract, if any
-  \fi                                   % FI
-  \vskip 10\p@
-  \hrule height 0.4\p@                 % rule below abstract/keywords
-  \dedicated@fmt                        % print dedication
-  \vskip \@belowfmskip                  % Vertical space below frontmatter
 \fi                                   % FI
-  \close@fm                             % Close front matter material.
+  \close@fm
    \output@glob@notes  % Put notes at bottom of 1st page
+%%% \output@glob@copynotes
   \global\c@footnote=\c@sv@footnote     % restore footnote number
   \global\@prefacefalse
   \global\leftskip\z@                   % Restore the normal values of
@@ -1003,67 +324,38 @@
   \let\@maketitle\relax  \let\@@maketitle\relax
   \normal@text
 }
-\let\maketitle\relax
-\newdimen\t@xtheight
-\t@xtheight\textheight \advance\t@xtheight-\splittopskip
-\def\open@fm{\global\setbox\fm@box=\vbox\bgroup
-  \hsize=\@frontmatterwidth                 % Front matter is page-wide by default
-  \centering                                % and centered
-  \sv@hyphenpenalty\hyphenpenalty           % (save \hyphenpenalty)
-  \hyphenpenalty\@M}                        % and not hyphenated
-\def\close@fm{\egroup                       % close \vbox (\fm@box)
-  \fm@size=\dp\fm@box \advance\fm@size by \ht\fm@box
-  \@whiledim\fm@size>\t@xtheight \do{%
-    \global\setbox\@tempboxa=\vsplit\fm@box to \t@xtheight
-    \unvbox\@tempboxa \newpage
-    \fm@size=\dp\fm@box \advance\fm@size by \ht\fm@box}
-  \if@TwoColumn
-    \emergencystretch=1pc \twocolumn[\unvbox\fm@box]
-  \else
-    \unvbox\fm@box
-  \fi}
-\def\output@glob@notes{\bgroup
-  \the\t@glob@notes
-  \egroup}
-\def\justify@off{\let\\=\@normalcr
-  \leftskip\z@ \@rightskip\@flushglue \rightskip\@rightskip}
-\def\justify@on{\let\\=\@normalcr
-  \leftskip\z@ \@rightskip\z@ \rightskip\@rightskip}
-\def\normal@text{\global\let\\=\@normalcr
-  \global\leftskip\z@ \global\@rightskip\z@ \global\rightskip\@rightskip
-  \global\parfillskip\@flushglue}
-\def\@writecount{\write\@mainaux{\string\global
-  \string\@namedef{n@author@}{\the\n@author}}%
-  \write\@mainaux{\string\global\string
-  \@namedef{n@collab@}{\the\n@collab}}}
-\def\title#1{%
-  \beg@elem
-  \title@note@fmt                      % formatting instruction
-  \add@tok\t@glob@notes                % for \thanks commands
-    {\title@note@fmt}%
-  \proc@elem{title}{#1}%
-  \def\title@notes{\the\t@loc@notes}%  % store the notes of the title,
-  \title@fmt{\@title}{\title@notes}%   % print the title
-  \ignorespaces}
-\def\subtitle#1{%
-  \beg@elem
-  \proc@elem{subtitle}{#1}%
-  \def\title@notes{\the\t@loc@notes}%  % store the notes of the title,
-  \subtitle@fmt{\@subtitle}{\title@notes}% print the title
-  \ignorespaces}
-\newdimen \@logoheight \@logoheight 5pc
-\def\@Lhook{\vrule \@height \@logoheight \@width \z@ \vrule \@height 10\p@ \@width 0.2\p@ \vrule \@height 0.2\p@ \@width 10pt}
-\def\@Rhook{\vrule \@height 0.2\p@ \@width 10\p@ \vrule \@height 10\p@ \@width 0.2\p@ \vrule \@height \@logoheight \@width \z@}
-\def\title@fmt#1#2{%
-\@ifundefined{@runtitle}{\global\def\@runtitle{#1}}{}%
- \vspace*{12pt}             % Vertical space above title
-  {\@titlesize #1\,\hbox{$^{#2}$}\par}%
-  \vskip\@undertitleskip
-\vskip24\p@  % Vertical space below title
-  }
-\def\subtitle@fmt#1#2{%               % No vertical space above sub-title
-  {\@titlesize #1\,\hbox{$^{#2}$}}\par}
-\def\title@note@fmt{\def\thefootnote{\fnstar{footnote}}}
+%%%
+\def\bula{\raise 1pt\hbox{\vrule height 4pt width 2pt depth 1pt}}
+%
+
+\def\@Lhook{\includegraphics[bb= 0 0 59 65]{tree.eps}}
+\def\@Rhook{\includegraphics[bb= 0 0 57 72]{magma.eps}}
+
+\input colortab
+\input pstricks
+\def\@logohead{\vtop{
+\begin{tabular}{l}
+\\[-15pt]
+\def\arraystretch{1.5}
+\noindent\kern -3.5pt\begin{tabular*}{\textwidth}{l@{\extracolsep{\fill}}cr@{\kern -1pt}}
+&\@j@v@p&\\
+\noalign{\hrule height 0.25pt width 37.5pc}
+\kern -1pt\@Lhook & \raise 2.3pc\hbox{\def\arraystretch{1.17}\begin{tabular}{c}
+\LCC
+\newgray{lightgray}{.90}
+\lightgray\\
+\raise 1.8pt\hbox{\parbox[t]{31.2pc}{\centerline{{Contents lists available at {ScienceDirect}}}}}\\[13pt]
+\parbox[t]{31.2pc}{\centerline{\largee{Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials}}}\\[13.5pt]
+\lower 1.08pt\hbox{\parbox[t]{31.2pc}{\centerline{j{\kern 0.5pt}o{\kern 0.5pt}u{\kern 0.5pt}r{\kern 0.5pt}n{\kern 0.5pt}a{\kern 0.5pt}l{\kern 0.5pt} h{\kern 0.5pt}o{\kern 0.5pt}m{\kern 0.5pt}e{\kern 0.5pt}p{\kern 0.5pt}a{\kern 0.5pt}g{\kern 0.5pt}e:{\kern 0.5pt}
+{w{\kern 1pt}w{\kern 1pt}w{\kern 1pt}.{\kern 1pt}e{\kern 1pt}l{\kern 1pt}s{\kern 1pt}e{\kern 1pt}v{\kern 1pt}i{\kern 1pt}e{\kern 1pt}r{\kern 1pt}.{\kern 1pt}c{\kern 1pt}o{\kern 1pt}m{\kern 1pt}/{\kern 1pt}l{\kern 1pt}o{\kern 1pt}c{\kern 1pt}a{\kern 1pt}t{\kern 1pt}e{\kern 1pt}/{\kern 1pt}j{\kern 1pt}m{\kern 1pt}m{\kern 1pt}m}}}}
+\ECC\\[4pt]
+\end{tabular}} &\@Rhook\kern 1pt\\
+\noalign{\hrule height 3pt width 43.49pc}
+&&
+\end{tabular*}
+\end{tabular}
+}}
+%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
 \def\author{\@ifnextchar[{\author@optarg}{\author@optarg[]}}
 \def\author@optarg[#1]#2{\stepcounter{author}%
   \beg@elem
@@ -1089,15 +381,23 @@
     \fi
   \endgroup
 }
+\newcounter{authorcounter}
+\setcounter{authorcounter}{0}
 \def\author@fmt#1#2#3{\@newelemtrue
+\addtocounter{authorcounter}{1}
   \if@firstauthor
   \first@author \global\@firstauthorfalse \fi
   \ifnum\prev@elem=\e@author \global\@newelemfalse \fi
   \if@newelem \author@fmt@init \fi
   \edef\@tempb{#2}\ifx\@tempb\@empty
-    \hbox{{\author@font #3}}\else
+    \hbox{{\kern -4pt,\ \ \author@font#3}}\else
+\ifnum\theauthorcounter>1
+    \hbox{{\kern -4pt,\ \ \author@font#3}\,$^{\mathrm{#2}}$}%
+\else
     \hbox{{\author@font #3}\,$^{\mathrm{#2}}$}%
-  \fi}
+\fi
+  \fi
+}
 \def\first@author{\author@note@fmt
   \corauth@mark@fmt
   \add@tok\t@glob@notes
@@ -1106,16 +406,16 @@
     \output@ead@text{url}%
     \author@note@fmt}%
 }%
-\def\author@fmt@init{%
+\def\author@fmt@init{\large%
   \par
   \vskip 8\p@ \@plus 4\p@ \@minus 2\p@
-  \@authorsize
+\noindent\@authorsize\large
   \leavevmode}                        % Vertical space above author list
  \def\and{\unskip~and~}
 \def\collab{\@ifstar{\collab@arg}{\collab@arg}}
 \let\collaboration=\collab
 \def\collab@arg#1{\stepcounter{collab}%
-  \if@firstauthor \first@author \global\@firstauthorfalse \fi
+  \if@firstauthor \first@collab \global\@firstauthorfalse \fi
   \gdef\@runningauthor{#1}%
   \beg@elem
   \proc@elem{collab}{#1}%
@@ -1125,9 +425,11 @@
   \ifnum\prev@elem=\e@collab \global\@newelemfalse \fi
   \if@newelem \collab@fmt@init \fi
   \par                                 % Start new paragraph
-  \edef\@tempb{#2}\ifx\@tempb\@empty
-    {\@authorsize #3}\else
-    {\@authorsize #3\,$^{\mathrm{#2}}$}}
+  {\large #3\,$^{\mathrm{#2}}$}}
+\def\first@collab{
+  \collab@note@fmt                     % re-define \thefootnote as
+  \add@tok\t@glob@notes                % appropriate for collab/address
+    {\collab@note@fmt}}%
 \def\collab@fmt@init{\vskip 1em}       % Vertical space above list
 \def\author@note@fmt{\setcounter{footnote}{0}%
   \def\thefootnote{\xarabic{footnote}}}
@@ -1174,7 +476,7 @@
   \address@fmt{\m@ne}{\the\t@loc@notes}{\@address}{*}%
   \ignorespaces}
 \def\theaddress{\alph{address}}
-\def\address@fmt#1#2#3#4{\@newelemtrue
+\def\address@fmt#1#2#3#4{\setcounter{authorcounter}{0}\@newelemtrue
   \if@Elproofing\def\@eltag{#4}\else\def\@eltag{\theaddress}\fi
   \ifnum\prev@elem=\e@address \@newelemfalse \fi
   \if@newelem \address@fmt@init \fi
@@ -1191,7 +493,8 @@
   \par \egroup}
 \def\address@fmt@init{%
   \par                                % Start new paragraph
-   \vskip 6\p@ \@plus 3\p@ \@minus 1.5pt}
+   \vskip 6pt}
+%%%
 \def\abstract{\@ifnextchar[{\@abstract}{\@abstract[]}}
 \def\@abstract[#1]{%
   \global\@hasabstracttrue
@@ -1199,225 +502,468 @@
   \global\setbox\t@abstract=\vbox\bgroup
   \leftskip\z@
   \@rightskip\z@ \rightskip\@rightskip \parfillskip\@flushglue
-   \small
+   \@abstractsize
   \parindent 1em                      % \parindent in abstract
   \noindent {\bfseries\abstractname}  % caption `Abstract' (bold)
   \vskip 0.5\@bls    % half a line of space below
 \noindent\ignorespaces
 }
- \def\endabstract{\par \egroup}
+ \def\endabstract{\par \hfill $\copyright$\ \the\@pubyear\ \@company{}  All rights reserved.\par \egroup}
 \def\keyword{%
   \global\@haskeywordstrue             % Implies rules are to be printed
   \hyphenpenalty\sv@hyphenpenalty      % restore \hyphenpenalty
-  \def\sep{\unskip, }                  % separator for multiple keywords
-  \def\MSC{\par\leavevmode\hbox {\it 1991 MSC:\ }}%
-  \def\PACS{\par\leavevmode\hbox {\it PACS:\ }}%
+  \def\sep{\unskip; }                  % separator for multiple keywords
+  \def\MSC{\par\vspace*{7pt}\hbox {\it 1991 MSC:\ }}%
+  \def\PACS{\vskip 7pt\noindent\hbox {\it PACS:\ }\par\noindent\hsize=3pc}%
   \global\setbox\t@keyword=\vbox\bgroup
   \@keywordsize
   \parskip\z@
-  \vskip 10\p@ \@plus 2\p@ \@minus 2\p@       % One line of space above keywords.
-  \noindent\@keywordheading
+\vskip -7pt
+ \def\KEY{\par\vspace*{7pt}\noindent\@keywordheading\par\noindent\hsize=5pc}%  %%%\KEY added by MACMILLAN%%%%
   \justify@off                         % Keywords are not justified.
   \ignorespaces}
 \def\endkeyword{\par \egroup}
-\def\runtitle#1{\gdef\@runtitle{#1}}
-\def\runauthor#1{\gdef\@runauthor{#1}}
-\let\@runauthor\relax
-\let\@runtitle\relax
-\let\@runningauthor\relax
-\def\RUNDATE{}
-\def\RUNJNL{}
-\def\RUNART{}
-\def\journal#1{\gdef\@journal{#1}}
-\def\volume#1{\gdef\@volume{#1}}       \def\@volume{0}
-\def\issue#1{\gdef\@issue{#1}}         \def\@issue{0}
-\newcount\@pubyear
-\@pubyear=\number\year
-\def\company#1{\def\@company{#1}}
-\def\@copyrightyear{\number\year}
-\def\@shortenyear#1#2#3#4\\{\global\def\@shortyear{#3#4}}
-\expandafter\@shortenyear\the\@pubyear\\
-\def\pubyear#1{\global\@pubyear#1
- \expandafter\@shortenyear\the\@pubyear\\%
-  \ignorespaces}
-\def\copyear#1{%
-  \gdef\@copyrightyear{#1}%
-  \ignorespaces}
-\let\copyrightyear\copyear
-\newcounter{firstpage}
-\newcounter{lastpage}
-\let\ESpagenumber\arabic
+%%%
 \def\firstpage#1{\def\@tempa{#1}\ifx\@tempa\@empty\else
-  \setcounter{firstpage}{#1}%
-  \global\c@page=#1 \ignorespaces\fi}
-\setcounter{firstpage}{1}
-\let\realpageref\pageref
-\setcounter{lastpage}{0}
-\def\lastpage#1{\def\@tempa{#1}\ifx\@tempa\@empty\else
-  \setcounter{lastpage}{#1}\ignorespaces\fi
-  }
-\AtEndDocument{%
-   \clearpage
-   \addtocounter{page}{-1}%
-   \immediate\write\@auxout{%
-   \string\global\string\c@lastpage=\the\c@page}%
-   \addtocounter{page}{1}%
+  \gdef\@firstpage{#1}\gdef\@lastpage{#1}%
+  \global\c@page=#1 \ignorespaces\fi
 }
-\def\date#1{\gdef\@date{#1}}                  \def\@date{\today}
-\def\aid#1{}
-\def\ssdi#1#2{}
-\def\received#1{\def\@tempa{#1}\ifx\@tempa\@empty\else\gdef\@received{#1}\fi}
-  \def\@received{\relax}
-\def\revised#1{\def\@tempa{#1}\ifx\@tempa\@empty\else\gdef\@revised{#1}\fi}
-  \def\@revised{\relax}
-\def\accepted#1{\def\@tempa{#1}\ifx\@tempa\@empty\else\gdef\@accepted{#1}\fi}
-  \def\@accepted{\relax}
-\def\communicated#1{\def\@tempa{#1}\ifx\@tempa\@empty\else\gdef\@communicated{#1}\fi}
-  \def\@communicated{\relax}
-\def\dedicated#1{\def\@tempa{#1}\ifx\@tempa\@empty\else\gdef\@dedicated{#1}\fi}
-  \def\@dedicated{\relax}
-\def\presented#1{\def\@tempa{#1}\ifx\@tempa\@empty\else\gdef\@presented{#1}\fi}
-  \def\@presented{\relax}
-\def\articletype#1{\gdef\@articletype{#1}}
-  \@ifundefined{@articletype}{\def\@articletype{}}{}
-\def\received@prefix{Received~}
-\def\revised@prefix{; revised~}
-\def\accepted@prefix{; accepted~}
-\def\communicated@prefix{; communicated~by~}
-\def\history@prefix{}
-\def\received@postfix{}
-\def\revised@postfix{}
-\def\accepted@postfix{}
-\def\communicated@postfix{}
-\def\history@postfix{}
-\def\empty@data{\relax}
-\def\history@fmt{%
-  \bgroup
-  \@historysize
-  \vskip 6\p@ \@plus 2\p@ \@minus 1\p@         % Vertical space above history
-  \ifx\@received\empty@data \else       % If there is no \received,
-                                        % do not print anything
-    \leavevmode
-    \history@prefix
-    \received@prefix\@received \received@postfix%
-    \ifx\@revised\empty@data \else
-      \revised@prefix\@revised \revised@postfix%
-    \fi
-    \ifx\@accepted\empty@data \else
-      \accepted@prefix\@accepted \accepted@postfix%
-    \fi
-    \ifx\@communicated\empty@data \else
-      \communicated@prefix\@communicated \communicated@postfix%
-    \fi
-    \history@postfix
-  \fi
-  \par \egroup}
-\def\dedicated@fmt{%
-  \ifx\@dedicated\empty@data \else
-    \vskip 4\p@ \@plus 3\p@
-    \normalsize\it\centering \@dedicated
-    \fi}
-\def\@alph#1{\ifcase#1\or a\or b\or c\or d\or e\or f\or g\or h\or i\or
-j\or k\or \ensuremath{\ell}\or m\or n\or o\or p\or q\or r\or s\or t\or
-u\or v\or w\or x\or y\or z\or aa\or ab\or ac\or ad\or ae\or af\or ag\or
-ah\or ai\or aj\or ak\or a\ensuremath{\ell}\or am\or an\or ao\or ap\or
-aq\or ar\or as\or at\or au\or av\or aw\or ay\or az\or ba\or bb\or bc\or
-bd\or be\or bf\or bg\or bh\or bi\or bj\or bk\or b\ensuremath{\ell}\or
-bm\or bn\or bo\or bp\or bq\or br\or bs\or bt\or bu\or bw\or bx\or by\or
-bz\or ca\or cb\or cc\or cd\or ce\or cf\or cg\or ch\or ci\or cj\or ck\or
-c\ensuremath{\ell}\or cm\or cn\or co\or cp\or cq\or cr\or cs\or ct\or
-cu\or cw\or cx\or cy\or cz\or da\or db\or dc\or dd\or de\or df\or dg\or
-dh\or di\or dj\or dk\or d\ensuremath{\ell}\or dm\or dn\or do\or dp\or
-dq\or dr\or ds\or dt\or du\or dw\or dx\or dy\or dz\or ea\or eb\or ec\or
-ed\or ee\or ef\or eg\or eh\or ei\or ej\or ek\or e\ensuremath{\ell}\or
-em\or en\or eo\or ep\or eq\or er\or es\or et\or eu\or ew\or ex\or ey\or
-ez\else\@ctrerr\fi}
-\def\fnstar#1{\@fnstar{\@nameuse{c@#1}}}
-\def\@fnstar#1{\ifcase#1\or
-    \hbox{$\star$}\or
-    \hbox{$\star\star$}\or
-    \hbox{$\star\star\star$}\or
-    \hbox{$\star\star\star\star$}\or
-    \hbox{$\star\star\star\star\star$}\or
-    \hbox{$\star\star\star\star\star\star$}
-  \else
-    \@ctrerr
-  \fi
-  \relax}
-\def\astsymbol#1{\@astsymbol{\@nameuse{c@#1}}}
-\def\@astsymbol#1{\ifcase#1\or
-    \hbox{$\ast$}\or
-    \hbox{$\ast\ast$}\or
-    \hbox{$\ast\ast\ast$}\or
-    \hbox{$\ast\ast\ast\ast$}\or
-    \hbox{$\ast\ast\ast\ast\ast$}\or
-    \hbox{$\ast\ast\ast\ast\ast\ast$}%
-  \else
-    \@ctrerr
-  \fi
-  \relax}
-\mark{{}{}}   % Initializes TeX's marks
+\def\@firstpage{1}
+\def\lastpage#1{\def\@tempa{#1}\ifx\@tempa\@empty\else
+  \gdef\@lastpage{#1}\ignorespaces\fi}
+\def\@lastpage{0}
+\def\@pagerange{1--0}
+\def\price#1{\gdef\@price{#1}}
+\def\@price{09.50}
+%%
 \def\ps@plain{\let\@mkboth\@gobbletwo
  \def\@oddhead{}%
  \def\@evenhead{}%
  \def\@oddfoot{\hfil {\rmfamily\thepage} \hfil}%
  \let\@evenfoot\@oddfoot}
-\def\@copyright{\@issn/\@shortyear/\$\@price\ $\copyright$\ \the\@pubyear\
-  \@company{} All  rights reserved}
-\def\@jou@vol@pag{\@journal\ \@volume\ (\the\@pubyear)\ \@pagerange}
+%%%\def\@copyright{\@issn/\$\,-\,see front matter\ \@cp}
+\def\@copyright{\@issn/\@shortyear/\$\,-\,see frontmatter\ $\copyright$\ \the\@pubyear\ \@company{} All rights reserved.}
+\def\@jou@vol@pag{\small \@journal\ \@volume\ (\the\@pubyear)\ \@firstpage--\@lastpage}
 \def\sectionmark#1{}
 \def\subsectionmark#1{}
 \let\@j@v@p\@jou@vol@pag    % long journal title appears in reprint line
 \let\@@j@v@p\@jou@vol@pag   % long journal title appears in running headline
 \def\sectionmark#1{}
 \def\subsectionmark#1{}
-\def\ps@copyright{\let\@mkboth\@gobbletwo
-  \def\@oddhead{}%
+%%\def\ps@copyright{\let\@mkboth\@gobbletwo
+%%  \def\@oddhead{}%
+%%  \let\@evenhead\@oddhead
+%%  \def\@oddfoot{\small\slshape
+%%    \def\@tempa{0}
+%%    \ifx\@volume\@tempa
+%%      Preprint submitted to \@journal\hfil\@date\/%
+%%    \else
+%%      Article published in \@jou@vol@pag\hfil\hbox{}\fi}%
+%%  \let\@evenfoot\@oddfoot
+%%}
+\def\@triple#1#2#3{\vtop{%
+  \hbox to \textwidth{\strut \rlap{#1} \hfil {#2} \hfil \llap{#3}}}}
+%
+% \@hexuple changed to \@nonuple by BW, 94-2-21, to accommodate an article
+% ID at the bottom of the first page of each article.
+%
+% \@nonuple stacks two 3-part header or footer lines on top of each other
+% #1: top    left #2: top    center #3: top    right
+% #4: middle left #5: middle center #6: middle right
+% #7: bottom left #8: bottom center #9: bottom right
+%
+% this macro uses \vtop instead of \vbox, because the latter will give
+% problems when used in the footer, which is set off from the main text
+% box by means of a \baselineskip\footskip (cf. \@outputpage in latex.tex)
+\def\@nonuple#1#2#3#4#5#6#7#8#9{\vtop{%
+  \hbox to \textwidth{\strut \rlap{#1} \hfil {#2} \hfil \llap{#3}}%
+  \hbox to \textwidth{\strut \rlap{#4} \hfil {#5} \hfil \llap{#6}}%
+  \hbox to \textwidth{\strut \rlap{#7} \hfil {#8} \hfil \llap{#9}}}}
+\def\odd@scnd@outer{}
+\def\ps@copyright{%%\textheight 40pc
+\let\@mkboth\@gobbletwo
+  \def\@oddhead{\@logohead}
   \let\@evenhead\@oddhead
-  \def\@oddfoot{\small\slshape
-    \def\@tempa{0}
-%    \ifx\@volume\@tempa
-%      Preprint submitted to \@journal\hfil\@date\/%
-%    \else
-%      Article published in \@jou@vol@pag\hfil\hbox{}\fi
-}%
+  \def\@oddfoot{\small \vbox{\@nonuple{}{}{}
+   {\@copyright}{}{}
+   {}{}{}}}
+
+
+
   \let\@evenfoot\@oddfoot
 }
-\let\ps@noissn\ps@empty
-\let\ps@headings\ps@plain
-\def\today{\number\day\space\ifcase\month\or
-  January\or February\or March\or April\or May\or June\or
-  July\or August\or September\or October\or November\or December\fi
-  \space\number\year}
-\def\nuc#1#2{\relax\ifmmode{}^{#1}{\protect\text{#2}}\else${}^{#1}$#2\fi}
-\def\itnuc#1#2{\setbox\@tempboxa=\hbox{\scriptsize\it #1}
-  \def\@tempa{{}^{\box\@tempboxa}\!\protect\text{\it #2}}\relax
-  \ifmmode \@tempa \else $\@tempa$\fi}
-\let\old@vec\vec % save old definition of \vec
-\def\pol#1{\old@vec{#1}}
-\def\half{{\textstyle\frac{1}{2}}}
-\def\threehalf{{\textstyle\frac{3}{2}}}
-\def\quart{{\textstyle\frac{1}{4}}}
-\if@symbold\else\def\d{\,\mathrm{d}}\fi
-\def\e{\mathop{\mathrm{e}}\nolimits}
-\def\int{\intop}
-\def\oint{\ointop}
-\newbox\slashbox \setbox\slashbox=\hbox{$/$}
-\newbox\Slashbox \setbox\Slashbox=\hbox{\large$/$}
-\def\pFMslash#1{\setbox\@tempboxa=\hbox{$#1$}
-  \@tempdima=0.5\wd\slashbox \advance\@tempdima 0.5\wd\@tempboxa
-  \copy\slashbox \kern-\@tempdima \box\@tempboxa}
-\def\pFMSlash#1{\setbox\@tempboxa=\hbox{$#1$}
-  \@tempdima=0.5\wd\Slashbox \advance\@tempdima 0.5\wd\@tempboxa
-  \copy\Slashbox \kern-\@tempdima \box\@tempboxa}
-\def\FMslash{\protect\pFMslash}
-\def\FMSlash{\protect\pFMSlash}
-  \def\Cset{\mathbb{C}}
-  \def\Hset{\mathbb{H}}
-  \def\Nset{\mathbb{N}}
-  \def\Qset{\mathbb{Q}}
-  \def\Rset{\mathbb{R}}
-  \def\Zset{\mathbb{Z}}
+%%
+\def\ps@noissn{\let\@mkboth\@gobbletwo
+  \def\@oddhead{\@logohead}
+  \let\@evenhead\@oddhead
+  \def\@oddfoot{\small \@nonuple
+   {Elsevier B.V.}{}{}
+   {{PII:\ {\rm S}\/}~\@ssdi}{}{}
+   {}{\vrule height 15mm width 0mm \normalsize \@shortjid~\@aid}{}}%
+  \let\@evenfoot\@oddfoot}
+%%%
+\def\ps@headings{
+ \let\@mkboth\@gobbletwo
+  \def\@oddhead{\small \@triple{}{\it\@runauthor\,/\,\@@j@v@p}{\thepage}}%
+  \def\@evenhead{\small \@triple{\thepage}{\it\@runauthor\,/\,\@@j@v@p}{}
+}%
+  \def\@oddfoot{}%
+  \def\@evenfoot{}
+  }
+\ps@headings
+\def\ps@headings{
+ \let\@mkboth\@gobbletwo
+  \def\@oddhead{\small \@triple{}{\it\@runauthor\,/\,\@@j@v@p}{\thepage}}%
+  \def\@evenhead{\small \@triple{\thepage}{\it\@runauthor\,/\,\@@j@v@p}{}
+}%
+  \def\@oddfoot{}%
+  \def\@evenfoot{}
+  }
+%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
+\let\@journal\@save@journal
+\let\@company\@save@company
+\let\@shortjid\@save@shortjid
+
+%%%%%%%%%%%
+
+\def\@titlesize{\Large}
+\def\@bibitemsep{\z@ \@plus 0.5\p@ \@minus 0.5\p@}
+\def\captionwidth{.8\linewidth}
+\def\@abstractsize{\fontsize{\@viipt}{9.6pt}\selectfont}
+\def\@articletypesize{\fontsize{\@ixpt}{11.5pt}\selectfont}
+\def\normalsize{\@setfontsize\normalsize\@viiipt{10.5}%
+\abovedisplayskip 5.75\p@ \@plus 2\p@ \@minus 2\p@%
+\belowdisplayskip \abovedisplayskip
+\abovedisplayshortskip \z@ \@plus 2\p@%
+\belowdisplayshortskip 3.5\p@ \@plus 2\p@ \@minus 2\p@
+\let\@listi\@listI}
+\def\small{\@setfontsize\small\@vipt{8.6}%
+\abovedisplayskip 7\p@ \@plus 2\p@ \@minus 4\p@%
+\belowdisplayskip \abovedisplayskip
+\abovedisplayshortskip \z@ \@plus 1\p@%
+\belowdisplayshortskip 3\p@ \@plus 1\p@ \@minus 2\p@
+\def\@listi{\topsep 0.5\@bls \parsep\z@ \itemsep\parsep}}
+\let\footnotesize=\small
+\let\@xviiipt\@xviipt
+\def\scriptsize{\@setfontsize\scriptsize\@viiipt{9.5}}
+\def\tiny{\@setfontsize\tiny\@vipt{7}}
+\def\large{\@setfontsize\large\@xpt{13}}
+\def\Large{\@setfontsize\Large\@xiiipt{17.3}}
+\def\LARGE{\@setfontsize\LARGE\@xviiipt{22}}
+\def\huge{\@setfontsize\huge\@xxpt{22}}
+\def\Huge{\@setfontsize\Huge\@xxvpt{27}}
+\normalsize                                % Choose the normalsize font.
+\if@twoside
+   \oddsidemargin    -2.46pc   %%-29\p@
+   \evensidemargin   -3.3pc    %%%-29\p@
+   \marginparwidth  10\p@
+\else
+   \oddsidemargin    -2.46pc   %%-29\p@
+   \evensidemargin   -3.3pc    %%%-29\p@
+   \marginparwidth   2pc
+\fi
+\marginparsep 20\p@          % Horizontal space between outer margin and
+                            % marginal note
+\topmargin  -2.10pc           %    Nominal distance from top of page to top of
+                         %    box containing running head.
+\headheight 10\p@         %
+ \headsep    11\p@  %
+ \footskip 11\p@ %%%23\p@
+\bigskipamount=\@bls \@plus 0.3\@bls \@minus 0.3\@bls % 1/1 line
+\medskipamount=0.5\bigskipamount                  % 1/2 line
+\smallskipamount=0.25\bigskipamount               % 1/4 line
+ \textheight 60.05\baselineskip %%56
+\advance\textheight\topskip  % excl. running head and foot).
+\textwidth 43.5pc              % \@Width of text line.
+                             % For two-column mode:
+\columnsep 1.5pc               %   Space between columns
+\columnseprule \z@           %   \@Width of rule between columns.
+ \footnotesep 6.65\p@
+\skip\footins 12\p@ \@plus  8\p@          % Space between last line of text and
+                                      % top of first footnote.
+\floatsep 8\p@ \@plus 4\p@ \@minus 2\p@ % Space between adjacent floats moved
+                                         % to top or bottom of text page.
+\textfloatsep 8\p@ \@plus 4\p@ \@minus 2\p@ % Space between main text and floats
+                                         % at top or bottom of page.
+\intextsep 8\p@ \@plus 4\p@ \@minus 2\p@ % Space between in-text figures and
+                                         % text.
+\dblfloatsep      8\p@ \@plus 4\p@ \@minus 4\p@ % Same as \floatsep for double-column
+                                         % figures in two-column mode.
+\dbltextfloatsep 12\p@ \@plus 4\p@ \@minus 4\p@ % \textfloatsep for double-column
+                                         % floats.
+\@fptop \z@ \@plus 1fil    % Stretch at top of float page/column. (Must be
+                         % \z@ \@plus ...)
+\@fpsep 8\p@ \@plus 2fil    % Space between floats on float page/column.
+\@fpbot \z@ \@plus 1fil    % Stretch at bottom of float page/column. (Must be
+                         % \z@ \@plus ... )
+\@dblfptop \z@ \@plus 1fil % Stretch at top of float page. (Must be \z@ \@plus ...)
+\@dblfpsep 8\p@ \@plus 2fil % Space between floats on float page.
+\@dblfpbot \z@ \@plus 1fil % Stretch at bottom of float page. (Must be
+                         % \z@ \@plus ... )
+\marginparpush 5\p@       % Minimum vertical separation between two marginal
+                         % notes.
+\parskip \z@
+\parindent 1em
+ \eqntopsep 8\p@ \@plus 2\p@ \@minus 2\p@ %\parskip, added above and below
+\eqnarraycolsep 1\p@                 % in an \eqnarray.
+\def\subsubsubsectionmark#1{}
+\def\part{\@startsection{part}{1}{\z@}{2\@bls \@plus
+  0.4\@bls}{\@bls}{\normalsize}}
+\def\partmark#1{}
+\def\part{\@startsection{part}{1}{\z@}{2\@bls plus
+  0.4\@bls}{\@bls}{\normalsize}}
+\def\partmark#1{}
+\if@ussrhead
+\baselineskip=12pt
+\def\section{\@startsection{section}{1}{\parindent}{\@bls plus .3\@bls minus .1\@bls}{-0.00001pt}{\normalsize\bf\boldmath}{\relax}}
+\else
+%%\def\section{\@startsection{section}{1}{\z@}{1\@bls plus .3\@bls minus .1\@bls}{\@bls}{\normalsize\bf\boldmath}}
+\def\section{\@startsection{section}{1}{\z@}{12pt}{12pt}{\normalsize\bf\boldmath}}
+\fi
+\def\subsection{\@startsection{subsection}{2}{\z@}{12pt}{12pt}{\normalsize\it}}
+\def\subsubsection{\@startsection{subsubsection}{3}{\z@}{12pt}{0.0001pt}{\normalsize\it}}
+\def\subsubsubsection{\@startsection{subsubsubsection}{4}{\z@}{\@bls plus .2\@bls}{-0.6em}{\quad\normalsize\it}}
+\def\subsubsubsection{\@startsection{subsubsubsection}{4}{\z@}{12pt}{-0.6em}{\normalsize\it}}
+\def\paragraph{\@startsection{paragraph}{4}{\z@}{3.25ex plus  2ex minus 0.2ex}{-1em}{\normalsize\it}}
+\def\subparagraph{\@startsection{subparagraph}{5}{1em}{3.25ex plus  2ex minus 0.2ex}{-1em}{\normalsize\it}}
+%%
+\def\@sect#1#2#3#4#5#6[#7]#8{%
+  \ifnum #2>\c@secnumdepth
+    \let\@svsec\@empty
+  \else
+    \refstepcounter{#1}\def\@tempa{#8}%
+    \ifx\@tempa\@empty
+      \edef\@svsec{\csname lb@empty@#1\endcsname}%
+    \else
+      \edef\@svsec{\csname lb@#1\endcsname}\fi\fi
+  \@tempskipa #5 \relax
+  \ifdim \@tempskipa>\z@
+    \begingroup #6\relax
+      \noindent \hskip #3\relax\@svsec{\head@style #8\par}%
+    \endgroup
+    \csname #1mark\endcsname{#7}%
+    \addcontentsline{toc}{#1}{\ifnum #2>\c@secnumdepth \else
+            \protect\numberline{\csname the#1\endcsname.}\fi #7}%
+  \else
+    \def\@svsechd{#6 \hskip #3\relax \@svsec #8\csname #1mark\endcsname{#7}%
+  }%
+  \fi
+  \@xsect{#5}}
+%%
+\@maxlistdepth=4
+\def\labelitemi{--}
+\def\labelitemii{$\cdot$}
+\def\labelenumi{(\theenumi)}        \def\theenumi{\roman{enumi}}
+\def\labelenumii{(\theenumii)}      \def\theenumii{\alph{enumii}}
+ \tabcolsep 1\p@           % idem in tabular environment.
+\def\@arrayclassz{\ifcase \@lastchclass \@acolampacol \or \@ampacol \or
+  \or \or \@addamp \or \@acolampacol \or \@firstampfalse \@acol \fi
+  \edef\@preamble{\@preamble
+  \ifcase \@chnum
+    \hfil$\relax\displaystyle\@sharp$\hfil \or
+    $\relax\displaystyle\@sharp$\hfil      \or
+    \hfil$\relax\displaystyle\@sharp$\fi}}
+\newdimen\Arrayrulewidth \Arrayrulewidth=1.0\p@
+\def\Hline{\noalign{\ifnum0=`}\fi\hrule \@height \Arrayrulewidth \futurelet
+   \@tempa\@xhline}
+\newdimen\crulepostskip \crulepostskip -7\p@
+\def\ccline#1{%
+  \noalign{\vskip\rulepreskip}%
+  \do@ccline(#1,1-0)\cr
+  \noalign{\vskip\crulepostskip}}
+\def\do@ccline(#1-#2,#3){%
+  \ifnum#1>#2\else\@cline[#1-#2]\do@ccline(#3,1-0)\fi
+  \ignorespaces}
+\newdimen\@Ldec \newdimen\@Rdec
+\def\dec #1.#2 {\hbox to\@Ldec{\hss#1}\def\@tempb{#2}%
+\ifx\@tempb\empty\hbox to\@Rdec{\hfill}\else\hbox to\@Rdec{.#2\hss}\fi}
+\def\setdec #1.#2 {\relax
+  \bgroup
+    \setbox0\hbox{\kern1pt\relax#1}\setbox1\hbox{\kern1pt\relax#2}%
+    \global\@Ldec\wd0\global\@Rdec\wd1
+  \egroup}
+\setdec 000.000 % default 3 digits on each side
+\newdimen\@Lpmdec \newdimen\@Rpmdec
+\def\pmdec #1.#2 {\hbox to\@Lpmdec{\hss#1}\def\@tempb{#2}%
+\ifx\@tempb\empty\hbox to\@Rpmdec{\hfill}\else\hbox to\@Rpmdec{.#2\hss}\fi}
+\def\setpmdec #1.#2 {\relax
+  \bgroup
+    \setbox0\hbox{\kern1pt\relax#1}\setbox1\hbox{\kern1pt\relax#2}%
+    \global\@Lpmdec\wd0\global\@Rpmdec\wd1
+  \egroup}
+\setpmdec 0.0 % default 1 digit on each side
+\def\add@thanksref#1{%
+  \global\advance\note@cnt\@ne
+  \def\@tempa{*}\def\@tempb{#1}%
+  \ifx\@tempa\@tempb
+    \ifnum\note@cnt>\@ne \add@xtok\t@loc@notes{\note@sep}\fi
+    \add@tok\t@loc@notes{*}%
+  \else
+    \ifnum\note@cnt>\@ne \add@xtok\t@loc@notes{\note@sep}\fi
+    \add@tok\t@loc@notes{%
+    \if@Elproofing#1\else\ref{#1}\fi
+    }%
+  \fi}
+\def\thanks@optarg[#1]#2{%
+  \def\@tempa{*}\def\@tempb{#1}%
+  \ifx\@tempa\@tempb
+    \@tempcnta=\c@footnote \c@footnote=-1 \label{#1}\c@footnote=\@tempcnta
+    \gdef\@corresp@note{\footnotetext[-1]{#2}}%
+  \else
+    \add@tok\t@glob@notes{\footnotetext}%
+    \refstepcounter{footnote}%
+    \if@Elproofing\else\if@tempswa\label{#1}\else\relax\fi\fi
+    \add@xtok\t@glob@notes{[\the\c@footnote]}%
+    \add@tok\t@glob@notes{{#2}}%
+  \fi
+  \ignorespaces}
+\def\frontmatter{%
+  \NoHyper
+  \let\@corresp@note\relax
+  \global\t@glob@notes={}\global\c@author\z@
+  \global\c@collab\z@ \global\c@address\z@
+  \sv@mathsurround\mathsurround \m@th
+  \global\n@author=0\n@author@\relax
+  \global\n@collab=0\n@collab@\relax
+  \global\advance\n@author\m@ne   % In comparisons later on we need
+  \global\advance\n@collab\m@ne   % n@author-1 and n@collab-1
+  \global\@firstauthortrue        % set to false by first \author or \collab
+  \global\@hasabstractfalse       % Default:  no abstract or keywords
+  \global\@haskeywordsfalse       % Default:  no abstract or keywords
+  \global\@prefacefalse           %           not preface
+%%  \ifnum\c@firstpage=\c@lastpage
+%%    \gdef\@pagerange{\@pagenumprefix\ESpagenumber{firstpage}}
+%%  \else
+%%    \gdef\@pagerange{\@pagenumprefix
+%%   \ESpagenumber{firstpage}--\@pagenumprefix\ESpagenumber{lastpage}}%
+%%  \fi
+%%%\gdef\@pagerange{\@pagenumprefix\@firstpage--\@pagenumprefix\@lastpage}
+  \@ifundefined{RIfM@}{\global\let\vec\@bfvec}{\undo@AMS}%
+  \open@fm \ignorespaces}
+\def\@overtitleskip{62\p@}
+\def\title@fmt#1#2{%
+\vspace*{25pt}
+  {\@articletypesize}                   % Size for article type
+  \leavevmode\vphantom{Aye!}
+\noindent\kern -8pt\lower 4.5pc\hbox{\@articletype}   %%%% new template changes noindent given and kern -13pt given
+  \vskip 3pt                          %
+\vskip 2pt
+ {
+ {\baselineskip=17.3pt\Large \noindent{#1}\,\hbox{$^{#2}$}\par}
+}%    % Title itself set in \Large.
+  }
+\def\address@fmt@init{%
+  \par                                % Start new paragraph
+  \vskip 5pt}               % Vertical space before addresses
+\def\@abstract[#1]{%
+  \global\@hasabstracttrue
+  \hyphenpenalty\sv@hyphenpenalty     % restore \hyphenpenalty
+  \global\setbox\t@abstract=\vbox\bgroup
+  \leftskip\z@
+  \@rightskip\z@ \rightskip\@rightskip \parfillskip\@flushglue
+   \@abstractsize                      % Text in 9/11
+%  \parindent 1em                      % \parindent in abstract
+\hsize=29.5pc
+  \noindent {\bfseries\abstractname}  % caption `Abstract' (bold)
+  \vskip 0.5\@bls    % half a line of space below
+\noindent\ignorespaces
+}
+\def\@bfvec#1{\boldsymbol{#1}}
+\def\@pmbfvec#1{\pmb{#1}}
+\def\undo@AMS{\global\let\vec\@bfvec}
+\mathchardef\Gamma="0000
+\mathchardef\Delta="0001
+\mathchardef\Theta="0002
+\mathchardef\Lambda="0003
+\mathchardef\Xi="0004
+\mathchardef\Pi="0005
+\mathchardef\Sigma="0006
+\mathchardef\Upsilon="0007
+\mathchardef\Phi="0008
+\mathchardef\Psi="0009
+\mathchardef\Omega="000A
+\mathchardef\varGamma="0100
+\mathchardef\varDelta="0101
+\mathchardef\varTheta="0102
+\mathchardef\varLambda="0103
+\mathchardef\varXi="0104
+\mathchardef\varPi="0105
+\mathchardef\varSigma="0106
+\mathchardef\varUpsilon="0107
+\mathchardef\varPhi="0108
+\mathchardef\varPsi="0109
+\mathchardef\varOmega="010A
+%%
+\def\publication#1{\def\@tempa{#1}\ifx\@tempa\@empty\else\gdef\@publication{#1}\fi}
+  \def\@publication{\relax}
+\def\misc#1{\def\@tempa{#1}\ifx\@tempa\@empty\else\gdef\@misc{#1}\fi}
+  \def\@misc{\relax}
+\def\teaser#1{\def\@tempa{#1}\ifx\@tempa\@empty\else\gdef\@teaser{#1}\fi}
+  \def\@teaser{\relax}
+\def\authorabs#1{\def\@tempa{#1}\ifx\@tempa\@empty\else\gdef\@authorabs{#1}\fi}
+  \def\@authorabs{\relax}
+\def\editorabs#1{\def\@tempa{#1}\ifx\@tempa\@empty\else\gdef\@editorabs{#1}\fi}
+  \def\@editorabs{\relax}
+%%
+\def\publication@fmt{%
+  \ifx\@publication\empty@data \else
+     \vskip 0pt
+\noindent\small\@publication
+  \fi}
+%%
+\def\dedicated@fmt{%
+  \ifx\@dedicated\empty@data \else
+     \vskip 7pt
+\noindent\small\@dedicated
+  \fi}
+\def\presented@fmt{%
+  \ifx\@presented\empty@data \else
+\vskip -1.9pt
+\noindent\small\@presented
+  \fi}
+\def\misc@fmt{%
+  \ifx\@misc\empty@data \else
+     \vskip 0pt
+     \small\rm\centering \@misc
+  \fi}
+\def\teaser@fmt{
+   \ifx\@teaser\empty@data \else
+      \vskip 7pt
+    \leftmargin 3pc\normalsize\it\@teaser\hfill\rightmargin 3pc\par
+   \fi}
+%
+\def\authorabs@fmt{
+ \ifx\@authorabs\empty@data \else
+     \vskip 7pt
+     \leftmargin 3pc\normalsize\it\@authorabs\hfill\rightmargin 3pc\par
+\fi}
+%
+\def\editorabs@fmt{
+\ifx\@editorabs\empty@data \else
+\vskip 7pt
+\leftmargin 3pc\normalsize\it\@editorabs\hfill\rightmargin 3pc\par
+\fi}
+%
+%%%
+%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
+% Two-column or one-column formatting. If formatting is two-column, the
+% `frontmatter' environment must explicitly switch to \twocolumn.
+% \newif\if@twocolumn              % This flag is used by \output
+\@twocolumnfalse                   % and initialized to `false'.
+\newif\if@TwoColumn                % This flag is used by the
+%                                  % `frontmatter' environment and
+%                                  % set by document-style options.
+\def\ds@onecolumn{\@twocolumnfalse
+                  \@TwoColumnfalse}
+\def\ds@twocolumn{\@twocolumnfalse
+                  \@TwoColumntrue}
+%
+% NUMBER OF COLUMNS:
+%
+% \@TwoColumntrue : Default formatting is in two columns
+% \@TwoColumnfalse:                       in one column
+\@TwoColumntrue
+%%%%%%%%%%5
 \if@TwoColumn
   \adjdemerits=100
   \linepenalty=100
@@ -1425,12 +971,16 @@
   \emergencystretch=1.6pc
   \spaceskip=0.3em \@plus 0.17em \@minus 0.12em
 \fi
+\binoppenalty=300
+\relpenalty=100
+\clubpenalty=5000                % 'Club line'  at bottom of page.
+\widowpenalty=2000               % 'Widow line' at top of page.
+\displaywidowpenalty=1000        % Math display widow line.
+\predisplaypenalty=150           % Breaking before a math display.
+\postdisplaypenalty=50           % Breaking after a math display.
+\hfuzz=1\p@
+\hbadness=3000
 \@frontmatterwidth\textwidth
-\ps@headings                                % 'headings' page style
-\pagenumbering{arabic}                      % Arabic page numbers
-\def\thepage{\@pagenumprefix\ESpagenumber{page}}  % preceded by \@pagenumprefix
-\let\baselinestretch\@blstr
-\InputIfFileExists{\@shortjid.cfg}{}{}
 \endinput
 %%
-%% End of file `elsart.cls'.
+%% End of file `elsart5.cls'.

 

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